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Factors affecting short and long term prognosis among 1069 patients with out-of-hospital cardiac arrest and pulseless electrical activity
[external]. (Prehospital akutsjukvård)
[external]. (Prehospital akutsjukvård)
2001 (English)In: Resuscitation, ISSN 0300-9572, E-ISSN 1873-1570, Vol. 51, no 1, p. 17-25Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

Aims: To describe the epidemiology, resuscitation factors and prognosis among a consecutive population of patients suffering from out-of-hospital cardiac arrest (OHCA) where pulseless electrical activity (PEA) was the first arrhythmia recorded on emergency medical services (EMS) arrival. Methods: Analysis of data collected prospectively on all patients regardless of age succumbing to OHCA during 1980–1997 in the community of Gothenburg where EMS initiated resuscitative measures. Results: 4662 patients with OHCA were attended by the EMS during the study period. Of these, 1069 (23%) were judged as having PEA as the first recorded arrhythmia; 158 (15%) of these were admitted alive to hospital and 26 (2.4%) were discharged alive. Survivors to discharge had a significantly larger share of bystander cardiopulmonary resuscitation (CPR) (28 vs. 8%, P=0.008), significantly higher levels of consciousness (8% awake vs. 0%, P<0.001) and higher median systolic blood pressure (145 vs. 106 mmHg, P<0.001) on arrival at hospital. No patient with unwitnessed cardiac arrest and PEA over 80 years old survived. Conclusion: Survival among patients suffering from OHCA and PEA is poor, especially among the elderly unwitnessed cases and those who do not receive bystander CPR. The latter seems to be of utmost importance among these patients.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Elsevier Ireland Ltd , 2001. Vol. 51, no 1, p. 17-25
National Category
Medical and Health Sciences
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URN: urn:nbn:se:hb:diva-7939DOI: 10.1016/S0300-9572(01)00377-XLocal ID: 2320/8662OAI: oai:DiVA.org:hb-7939DiVA, id: diva2:888821
Available from: 2015-12-22 Created: 2015-12-22 Last updated: 2017-12-01Bibliographically approved

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Bång, AHerlitz, Johan

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CiteExportLink to record
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  • apa
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