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A comparison between patients suffering in-hospital and out-of-hospital cardiac arrest in terms of treatment and outcome
[external]. (Prehospital akutsjukvård)
[external]. (Prehospital akutsjukvård)
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2000 (English)In: Journal of Internal Medicine, ISSN 0954-6820, E-ISSN 1365-2796, Vol. 248, no 1, 53-60 p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

AIM: To compare treatment and outcome amongst patients suffering in-hospital and out-of-hospital cardiac arrest in the same community. PATIENTS: All patients suffering in-hospital cardiac arrest in Sahlgrenska University Hospital covering half the catchment area of the community of Göteborg (500 000 inhabitants) and all patients suffering out-of-hospital cardiac arrest in the community of Göteborg. Criteria for inclusion were that resuscitation efforts should have been attempted. TIME OF SURVEY: From 1 November 1994 to 1 November 1997. METHODS: Data were recorded both prospectively and retrospectively. RESULTS: In total, 422 patients suffered in-hospital cardiac arrest and 778 patients suffered out-of-hospital cardiac arrest. Patients with in-hospital cardiac arrest included more women and were more frequently found in ventricular fibrillation. The median interval between collapse and defibrillation was 2 min in in-hospital cardiac arrest compared with 7 min in out-of-hospital cardiac arrest (< 0.001). The proportion of patients being discharged from hospital was 37.5% after in-hospital cardiac arrest, compared with 8.7% after out-of-hospital cardiac arrest (P < 0.001). Corresponding figures for patients found in ventricular fibrillation were 56.9 vs. 19.7% (P < 0.001) and for patients found in asystole 25.2 vs. 1.8% (P < 0.001). CONCLUSION: In a survey evaluating patients with in-hospital and out-of-hospital cardiac arrest in whom resuscitation efforts were attempted, we found that the former group had a survival rate more than four times higher than the latter. Possible strong contributing factors to this observation are: (i) shorter time interval to start of treatment, and (ii) a prepared selection for resuscitation efforts.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Wiley-Blackwell Publishing Ltd. , 2000. Vol. 248, no 1, 53-60 p.
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Medical and Health Sciences
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URN: urn:nbn:se:hb:diva-7924DOI: 10.1046/j.1365-2796.2000.00702.xLocal ID: 2320/8861OAI: oai:DiVA.org:hb-7924DiVA: diva2:888806
Available from: 2015-12-22 Created: 2015-12-22 Last updated: 2017-09-12Bibliographically approved

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Herlitz, JohanBång, A
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CiteExportLink to record
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Citation style
  • apa
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  • de-DE
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