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Effect of bystander cardiopulmonary resuscitation in out-of-hospital cardiac arrest patients in Sweden.
[external]. (Prehospital akutsjukvård)
2000 (English)In: Resuscitation, ISSN 0300-9572, E-ISSN 1873-1570, Vol. 47, no 1, 59-70 p.Article in journal (Refereed)
Abstract [en]

BACKGROUND: Information from the Swedish Cardiac Arrest Registry was used to investigate: (a) The proportion of patients suffering an out-of-hospital cardiac arrest who were given bystander cardiopulmonary resuscitation (B-CPR). (b) Where and by whom B-CPR was given. (c) The effect of B-CPR on survival. METHOD: a prospective, observational study of cardiac arrests reported to the Swedish Cardiac Arrest Registry. Analyses were based on standardised reports of out-of-hospital cardiac arrests from ambulance organisations in Sweden, serving 60% of the Swedish population. From 1983 to 1995 approximately 15-20% of the population had been trained in CPR. RESULTS: Of 9877 patients, collected between January 1990 and May 1995, B-CPR was attempted in 36%. In 56% of these cases, the bystanders were lay persons and in 25% they were medical personnel. Most of the arrests took place at home (69%) and only 23% of these patients were given B-CPR in contrast to cardiac arrest in other places where 53% were given CPR. Survival to 1 month was significantly higher in all cases that received B-CPR (8.2 vs. 2.5%). The odds ratio for survival to 1 month with B-CPR was in a logistic regression analysis 2.5 (95% CI 1.9-3.1). CONCLUSIONS: In Sweden, the willingness and ability to perform B-CPR appears to be relatively widespread. More than half of B-CPR was performed by laypersons. B-CPR resulted in a two to threefold increase in survival.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Elsevier Ireland Ltd , 2000. Vol. 47, no 1, 59-70 p.
National Category
Medical and Health Sciences
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:hb:diva-7895DOI: 10.1016/S0300-9572(00)00199-4Local ID: 2320/8772OAI: oai:DiVA.org:hb-7895DiVA: diva2:888777
Available from: 2015-12-22 Created: 2015-12-22

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CiteExportLink to record
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Citation style
  • apa
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  • ieee
  • modern-language-association-8th-edition
  • vancouver
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More styles
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  • de-DE
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  • nn-NB
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