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Predictors of death during 5 years after hospital discharge among patients with a suspected acute coronary syndrome with particular emphasis on whether an infarction was developed
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1998 (English)In: International Journal of Cardiology, ISSN 0167-5273, E-ISSN 1874-1754, Vol. 66, no 1, p. 73-80Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

Aim: To describe predictors of death after hospital discharge during 5 years of follow-up in a consecutive series of patients surviving hospitalization for symptoms and signs of a confirmed or suspected acute coronary syndrome. Patients and methods: All patients who between February 15, 1986 and November 9, 1987, were hospitalized at Sahlgrenska University Hospital in Göteborg, Sweden, and fulfilled the above given criteria. Results: In all, 1948 patients were included of whom 731 (38%) had a confirmed acute myocardial infarction (AMI). Independent risk indicators for death were: age (P=0.0001); male sex (P=0.005); a history of previous AMI (P=0.0001), diabetes mellitus (P=0.003) and smoking (P=0.0001); development of AMI during first 3 days in hospital (P=0.0001); in-hospital signs of congestive heart failure (P=0.0001); prescription of digitalis (P=0.001) and diuretics (P=0.02) at hospital discharge. A history of smoking interacted significantly (P=0.02) with the relationship between development of AMI and prognosis. Thus, the difference between patients who did and who did not develop an AMI was more pronounced among non-smokers than smokers. Other factors which interacted significantly with this relationship were a history of angina pectoris, and development of ventricular fibrillation and hypotension while in hospital. Conclusion: Among hospital survivors of a confirmed or suspected acute coronary syndrome predictors of death during 5 years were: age, male sex, history of AMI, diabetes mellitus and smoking, development of AMI and congestive heart failure while in hospital and prescription of digitalis and diuretics at hospital discharge. A history of smoking and angina pectoris as well as development of hypotension and ventricular fibrillation while in hospital interacted significantly with the relationship between development of AMI and prognosis.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Elsevier Ireland Ltd , 1998. Vol. 66, no 1, p. 73-80
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Medical and Health Sciences
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URN: urn:nbn:se:hb:diva-7869DOI: 10.1016/S0167-5273(98)00203-4Local ID: 2320/8683OAI: oai:DiVA.org:hb-7869DiVA, id: diva2:888751
Available from: 2015-12-22 Created: 2015-12-22 Last updated: 2017-09-26Bibliographically approved

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Herlitz, Johan

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