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Type of arrhythmia at EMS arrival scene in out of hospital cardiac arrest in relation to interval from collapse and whether a bystander initiated CPR
[external]. (Prehospital akutsjukvård)
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1996 (English)In: American Journal of Emergency Medicine, ISSN 0735-6757, E-ISSN 1532-8171, Vol. 14, no 2, 119-123 p.Article in journal (Refereed)
Abstract [en]

Outcome after cardiac arrest is strongly related to whether the patient has ventricular fibrillation at the time the emergency medical service (EMS) arrives on the scene. The occurrence of various arrhythmias at the time of EMS arrival among patients with out-of-hospital cardiac arrest was studied in relation to the interval from collapse and whether cardiopulmonary resuscitation (CPR) was initiated by a bystander. The patients studied were all those with out-of-hospital cardiac arrest in Goteborg, Sweden, between 1980 and 1992 in whom CPR was attempted by the arriving EMS and for whom the interval between collapse and the arrival of EMS was known. In all, information on the time of collapse and the arrival of EMS was available for 1,737 patients. Among patients for whom EMS arrived within 4 minutes of collapse, 53% were found in ventricular fibrillation/tachycardia. There was a successive decline in occurrence of such arrhythmias with time. However, when the interval exceeded 20 minutes, ventricular fibrillation/tachycardia was still observed in 27% of cases. Bystander CPR increased the occurrence of such arrhythmias regardless of the interval between collapse and EMS arrival.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
W.B. Saunders Co. , 1996. Vol. 14, no 2, 119-123 p.
National Category
Medical and Health Sciences
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:hb:diva-7781DOI: 10.1016/S0735-6757(96)90116-3Local ID: 2320/8704OAI: oai:DiVA.org:hb-7781DiVA: diva2:888662
Available from: 2015-12-22 Created: 2015-12-22

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Herlitz, JohanBång, A
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