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Prognosis among survivors of prehospital cardiac arrest
[external]. (Prehospital akutsjukvård)
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1995 (English)In: Annals of Emergency Medicine, ISSN 0196-0644, E-ISSN 1097-6760, Vol. 25, no 1, 58-63 p.Article in journal (Refereed)
Abstract [en]

STUDY OBJECTIVE: To describe the prognosis in consecutive patients discharged from hospital after prehospital cardiac arrest. PATIENTS: All patients in the community of Göteborg who were discharged from hospital after out-of-hospital cardiac arrest between 1981 and 1991. RESULTS: Two hundred forty-three patients were discharged from hospital during the observation period, of whom 80% initially experienced ventricular fibrillation. Among patients discharged, 21% died during the first year; after 10 years, 82% had died. Age, sex, previous history of cardiovascular disease, circumstances at the time of cardiac arrest, complications during hospitalization, and discharge medications were assessed as predictors of 1-year mortality. Independent predictors of death during follow-up were history of myocardial infarction (P < .001), no prescription of beta-blockers at discharge (P < .01), age (P < .05), and cerebral performance category (CPC) at discharge (P < .05). CONCLUSION: Among patients who survived out-of-hospital cardiac arrest, one of five died during the first year and one of five survived 10 years after discharge. Prognosis was associated with a history of myocardial infarction, prescription of beta-blockers at discharge, age, and CPC at discharge.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Mosby, Inc. , 1995. Vol. 25, no 1, 58-63 p.
National Category
Medical and Health Sciences
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:hb:diva-7764DOI: 10.1016/S0196-0644(95)70356-XLocal ID: 2320/8802OAI: oai:DiVA.org:hb-7764DiVA: diva2:888645
Available from: 2015-12-22 Created: 2015-12-22

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