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Prognosis in men and women coming to the emergency room with chest pain or other sympotms suggestive to acute myocardial infarction
[external].
1993 (English)In: Coronary Artery Disease, ISSN 0954-6928, E-ISSN 1473-5830, Vol. 4, no 9, 761-767 p.Article in journal (Refereed)
Abstract [en]

BACKGROUND: Previous studies suggest a gender-related difference in prognosis among patients with ischaemic heart disease. In the present study, we aimed to describe the characteristics and prognosis among patients with suspected ischaemic heart disease in relation to gender. METHODS: During the 21 months of the study, all patients who came to the medical emergency room of one single hospital as a result of chest pain or other symptoms suggestive of acute myocardial infarction were prospectively followed for 1 year. RESULTS: A total of 5362 patients were admitted on 7157 occasions; men accounted for 55% of the admissions. The 1-year mortality rate was 11% for men compared with 10% for women. The women were older and had a higher prevalence of known congestive heart failure and hypertension, whereas the prevalence of previous myocardial infarction was higher in men. When correcting for the dissimilarities in age and history of cardiovascular diseases, male gender appeared as an independent predictor of death. Development of myocardial infarction occurred in 25% of the men and 16% of the women (P < 0.001) during 1 year. The symptoms that brought patients to the emergency room were interpreted as being caused by myocardial infarction or myocardial ischemia in 29% of men compared with 21% of women (P < 0.001). CONCLUSIONS: In a consecutive series of patients with chest pain or other symptoms suggesting acute myocardial infarction in the emergency room, male gender was an independent risk indicator for death during 1 year. This might be explained by a higher occurrence of coronary artery disease in men than in women in this patient population.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Lippincott Williams & Wilkins , 1993. Vol. 4, no 9, 761-767 p.
National Category
Medical and Health Sciences
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:hb:diva-7722Local ID: 2320/8560OAI: oai:DiVA.org:hb-7722DiVA: diva2:888603
Available from: 2015-12-22 Created: 2015-12-22

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Herlitz, Johan
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