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Molecular-level Simulations of Cellulose Dissolution by Steam and SC-CO2 Explosion
University of Borås, School of Engineering.
University of Borås, School of Engineering.
2014 (English)Conference paper, Published paper (Refereed)
Sustainable development
The content falls within the scope of Sustainable Development
Abstract [en]

Dissolution of cellulose is an important but tough step in biofuel production from lignocellulosic materials. Steam and supercritical carbon dioxide (SC-CO2) explosion are two effective methods for dissolution of some lignocellulosic materials. Loading and explosion are the major processes of these methods. Studies of these processes were performed using grand canonical Monte Carlo and molecular dynamics simulations at different pressure/ temperature conditions on the crystalline structure of cellulose. The COMPASS force field was used for both methods. The validity of the COMPASS force field for the calculations was confirmed by comparing the energy and structures obtained from molecular mechanics simulations of cellobiose (the repeat unit of cellulose), water–cellobiose, water-cellobiose pair and CO2-cellobiose pair systems with those obtained from first principle calculations with and without dispersion correction. A larger disruption of the cellulose crystal structure was seen during loading than that during the explosion process. This is seen by an increased separation of the cellulose chains from the centre of mass of the crystal during the initial stages of the loading, especially for chains in the outer shell of the crystalline structure. Reducing and non-reducing ends of the cellulose crystal show larger disruption than the central core; this leads to increasing susceptibility to enzymatic attack in these end regions. There was also change from the syn to the anti torsion angle conformations, especially for chains in the outer cellulose shell. Increasing the temperature increases the disruption of the crystalline structure during loading and explosion.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2014.
Keyword [en]
Cellulose, Molecular modeling, Force field, Steam explosion, Supercritical carbon dioxide explosion, Resursåtervinning
National Category
Theoretical Chemistry
Research subject
Resource Recovery
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:hb:diva-7292Local ID: 2320/14559OAI: oai:DiVA.org:hb-7292DiVA: diva2:888004
Conference
Nordic Polymer Days, 10-12 june, Gothenburg, Sweden
Available from: 2015-12-22 Created: 2015-12-22 Last updated: 2016-11-11Bibliographically approved

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CiteExportLink to record
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Citation style
  • apa
  • harvard1
  • ieee
  • modern-language-association-8th-edition
  • vancouver
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More styles
Language
  • de-DE
  • en-GB
  • en-US
  • fi-FI
  • nn-NO
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Output format
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