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The Origin and Early Development of Normalisation in Sweden
University of Borås, School of Education and Behavioural Science.
2011 (English)Conference paper, Published paper (Refereed)
Sustainable development
The content falls within the scope of Sustainable Development
Abstract [en]

The Origin and Early Development of Normalisation in Sweden: Normalisation can be seen as a key concept, both in disability research and in special education. In Sweden so far, the origin of this basic approach is connected to the time period after World War II. The purpose of this paper is to nuance this perspective. The existing Swedish historiography on normalisation, to some extent written by protagonists of the concept, will be discussed. We agree on the full effectiveness of normalisation based on a reform-oriented social policy from the 1960s. However, by means of historical research and based on hermeneutic methods, this study aims to demonstrate the concept’s origin and early development in Sweden already some decades before. For that purpose historical sources from contemporary Swedish literature and archives will be analysed. In particular the so called external schools for the feeble-minded (externatskolor för sinnesslöa) had a certain impact on the emergence and spreading of the normalisation approach. As a result of our research, and by linking it to the development of the Swedish welfare state, normalisation can be contextualised historically. This outcome is of high relevance for understanding the history of a path-breaking concept. Finally, and with regard to the future, the question of adaptability and modernity of normalisation arises.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2011.
Keyword [en]
special eduction, disability research, normalisation, sweden, Special Education, Disability Research, History of Disability, Sweden
National Category
Pedagogy History of Ideas
Research subject
Teacher Education and Education Work
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:hb:diva-6708Local ID: 2320/10051OAI: oai:DiVA.org:hb-6708DiVA: diva2:887410
Conference
The 7. Nordic Disability History Conference, University of Oslo, Faculty of Educational Sciences, Department of Special Needs Education, Oslo (Norway), 5/5/2011
Available from: 2015-12-22 Created: 2015-12-22 Last updated: 2016-11-18Bibliographically approved

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CiteExportLink to record
Permanent link

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Citation style
  • apa
  • harvard1
  • ieee
  • modern-language-association-8th-edition
  • vancouver
  • Other style
More styles
Language
  • de-DE
  • en-GB
  • en-US
  • fi-FI
  • nn-NO
  • nn-NB
  • sv-SE
  • Other locale
More languages
Output format
  • html
  • text
  • asciidoc
  • rtf