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Gender Constructions in Children's Verbal and Bodily Interactions
University of Borås, School of Education and Behavioural Science. (Forskningsnätverket NordCrit)
2011 (English)Conference paper, (Refereed)
Sustainable development
The content falls within the scope of Sustainable Development
Abstract [en]

ABSTRACT: The paper aims to discuss gender constructions, as they emerge in interaction at the micro level (Stokoe, 2000) in children’s verbal and bodily interactions. (Goodwin, 2000a, 2000b; ten Have, 2005; Schegloff, 1996). Within gender research there is still a lack of studies that discuss the importance of non-verbal actions, why I also want to highlight this. Theoretically the paper takes its point of departure on gender constructions as they occur in interaction. Depending of context, gender appears in various ways and changes over time (Connell, 2002; Skeggs, 2007; Thorne, 2005). Gender relations may consist of different patterns and thereby include different sorts of dichotomies and hierarchies between and within the sexes (Connell, 2006/2002; Thorne, 2005). In the analysis the theoretical understanding of the body is of importance. Bodies are not merely objects in social practises; they are also agents (Connell, 2002). According to Goodwin (2006), talking and gesticulating are different sign systems that function as different communicative recourses and the two sign systems are linked together and organised in order to create actions. Verbal and non-verbal actions create different kind of resources that are of importance of human’s interaction. Depending of context and activity the language and body have different meanings and impact. Our actions have to be understand as ongoing processes, during the time things are happening new things that are said or done become relevant while others become less important (Goodwin, 2000b). The analysis takes its starting point from conversation analysis (CA) where two separate video recordings, one from a preschool and one from a school class in the first grade, are analysed. The children in the preschool are attending their last year in preschool and are five years old and the children in the first grade are seven years of age. The data under investigation from the preschool is a single video sequence where a group of children are playing a ring game based on the fairy tale the Sleeping Beauty together with their preschool teacher. During the ring game different kind of verbal and non-verbal actions are expressed in terms of gender constructions. The analysis of the video sequence from the first grade focus on the verbal and non-verbal actions between two boys while they are lying on the floor. Over all the analysis shows that children’s verbal and non-verbal actions are important recourses of how gender is expressed. Depending of context this is expressed differently and cause different kind of reactions in terms of gender.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Publicerat i AERA online repository , 2011.
Keyword [en]
education, gender, conversation analysis, primary school, compulsory school, interaction, video analysis
Keyword [sv]
Lärarutbildning och pedagogisk yrkesverksamhet
National Category
Pedagogy Gender Studies
Research subject
Teacher Education and Education Work
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:hb:diva-6585Local ID: 2320/8623OAI: oai:DiVA.org:hb-6585DiVA: diva2:887281
Conference
American Educational Research Association (AERA), New Orleans, Lousiana, USA, 8-12 april 2011
Note

Konferensbidraget erhålls direkt från författaren.

Sponsorship:

Bidrag från LUN finansierade konferensdeltagandet.

Available from: 2015-12-22 Created: 2015-12-22

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Citation style
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