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Efficient ethanol production from spruce by N-methylmorpholine-N-oxide (NMMO) pretreatment
University of Borås, School of Engineering. (Biotechnology)
University of Borås, School of Engineering. (Biotechnology)
University of Borås, School of Engineering. (Biotechnology)ORCID iD: 0000-0003-4887-2433
2011 (English)Conference paper, (Other academic)
Abstract [en]

Pretreatment of lignocelluloses with cellulose dissolution reagents is efficient and can be applied under relatively mild conditions. NMMO is an industrial cellulose solvent that can dissolve cellulose by breaking intramolecular bonds. The solvent can be recycled with over 99% recovery and does not produce toxic waste pollutants. After dissolution, the cellulose can be regenerated by fast precipitation with an anti-solvent that is usually water. The dissolution can severely modify the structure of cellulose and reduce its crystallinity, which is very important in hydrolysis of softwoods. Native species of spruce was debarked, cut, milled, and screened to achieve a size of less than 1 mm. The treatment was performed using 85%w/w NMMO solution at 120ºC for 1, 3, and 15 h. The pretreated wood species were then regenerated by addition of boiling distilled water, followed by vacuum filtration and washing. The pretreated and untreated wood species were enzymatically hydrolyzed by commercial cellulase (15 FPU/g) and β-glucosidase (30 IU/g) at 45°C for 96 h. Then, the hydrolyzates were fermented by a flocculation strain of Saccharomyces cerevisiae (CCUG 53310) at 30°C for 24 h. The results showed that the pretreatment, in general, did not significantly affect the composition of the wood, while increased the yield of hydrolysis and fermentation. The cellulose hydrolysis was increased from 11% for native spruce to more than 98% for the wood treated with NMMO for 15 h, and, correspondingly, the yield of ethanol production was increased from 8.1% to over 86.1%.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
American Society for Industrial Microbiology , 2011.
Keyword [en]
Resursåtervinning
National Category
Industrial Biotechnology
Research subject
Resource Recovery
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:hb:diva-6565Local ID: 2320/8147OAI: oai:DiVA.org:hb-6565DiVA: diva2:887261
Conference
33rd symposium on Biotechnology for Fuels and Chemicals, Seattle, WA, USA. 2011
Available from: 2015-12-22 Created: 2015-12-22 Last updated: 2016-09-28Bibliographically approved

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Jeihanipour, AzamKarimi, KeikhosroTaherzadeh, Mohammad J.
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