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Biogas från lignocellulosa Tekno: ekonomisk utvärdering av förbehandling med NMMO
University of Borås, School of Engineering.
University of Borås, School of Engineering.
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2013 (English)Report (Other academic)
Sustainable development
The content falls within the scope of Sustainable Development
Abstract [en]

Biogas has been identified as one of the most cost - effective renewable fuels. In order to increase biogas production, yields from traditionally substrates either need to be improved or other alternative substrates must be made available for anaerobic digestion. Cellulose and lignocellulose rich wastes are available in large amounts and have great potential to be utilized for biogas production. This project focused on the opti mization of the pretreatment conditions when using the organic solvent N - methylmorpholine - N - oxide (NMMO) to enhance the methane yield from forest residues and straw. It also focused on a techno - economic evaluation of this pre - treatment technology. NMMO has previously been shown to be effective in dissolving cellulose and, as a consequence, in increasing the methane yield during the subsequent digestion. The goal of this project was to develop a technology that increases energy production from domestic subst rates in a cost - effective and environmentally friendly way. The treatment works well at lower temperatures (90°C), which means that water from the district heating system can advantageously be used in the treatment. The results showed that treatment with NMMO at 90°C doubles the methane yield from forest residues and increases the methane yield from straw by 50 %. For the techno - economic evaluation, the base case was assumed to be a facility with a capacity of 100 000 tones forest residues/year. After a w ashing and filtration step, the treated material will be utilized in a co - digestion process where 33% of the incoming material consists of forest residues and the rest is source - sorted household waste. The scale - up, process design, simulation and calculati ons were made using the software tool Intelligen SuperPro Design ® . The total investment costs were calculated to be about 145 million €, when forest residues or straw are to be used as raw material. Costs for operation (i.e. raw materials, energy, waste ma nagement, maintenance and personnel costs) were set against the incomes from the products (i.e. methane, carbon dioxide and the lignin - rich digested residue) to see if the process was profitable. The internal return rate (IRR), a parameter that indicates w hether a process is profitable or not, indicated that evaluated processes with capacities over 50 000 tons forest residues/year are profitable. However, co - digestion of forest residues with sewage sludge instead of household waste was not profitable. Both the laboratory results and the energy and economic calculations showed that the washing and filtration step is critical for the proposed process. The energy balance calculation resulted in an EROI value of 0.5, which means that the produced methane from fo rest residues counted up only the half of the energy needed for the treatment as well as NMMO separation and recycling. It is important to separate the NMMO well after the treatment, since remaining NMMO at concentrations higher than 0.002% were found to i nhibit the subsequent digestion step. Also it was showed out to be important that the washing step operates with small amounts of water to save energy within the NMMO recovery. A rotary vacuum filtration is therefore recommended for the washing and filtrat ion step, and a mechanical vapor design is recommended for the evaporation, saving up to 70 - 90% energy compared to a conventional design. Treatment of straw with recycled instead of fresh NMMO has also been tested and equal amounts of methane were obtain ed. After a well - functioning washing and filtration step, NMMO could not be detected in the digestate residue.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Kunskapscentrumet Waste refinery, Sveriges tekniska forskningsinstitut , 2013.
Keywords [en]
lignocellulosa, biogasproduktion, Resursåtervinning
Keywords [sv]
skogsavfall, halm, förbehandling med NMMO, tekno - ekonomisk utvärdering
National Category
Chemical Engineering
Research subject
Resource Recovery
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:hb:diva-4617Local ID: 2320/13327OAI: oai:DiVA.org:hb-4617DiVA, id: diva2:884012
Available from: 2015-12-17 Created: 2015-12-17 Last updated: 2017-10-03Bibliographically approved

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Sárvári Horváth, IlonaTeghammar, AnnaKabir, Maryam M.

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