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Intensivvårdssjuksköterskors känslor och attityder kring donation efter hjärtdöd: En kvalitativ intervjustudie
University of Borås, Faculty of Caring Science, Work Life and Social Welfare.
University of Borås, Faculty of Caring Science, Work Life and Social Welfare.
2015 (Swedish)Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (One Year)), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
Abstract [sv]

Idag väntar många patienter på transplantation av ett eller flera organ. Med nuvarande lagstiftning identifieras inte alla potentiella organdonatorer och därför kan inte dessa organ tas tillvara. Regeringen har därför tillsatt en utredning om det kan bli aktuellt med organdonation efter hjärtdöd. Detta uttrycks internationellt som Donation after Cardiac Death (DCD). Denna studiens syfte var att beskriva intensivvårdssjuksköterskors uppfattningar, tankar och känslor, samt förbereddhet kring begreppet donation efter hjärtdöd. Sju intervjuer av intensivvårdssjuksköterskor på två sjukhus i västra Sverige genomfördes och data analyserades med kvalitativ innehållsanalys. Resultatet presenteras som fyra kategorier: Upplevda farhågor och potentiella konsekvenser av DCD, Mötet med anhöriga, Tankar och känslor kring organisatoriska svårigheter och Tankar och känslor kring etiska dilemman. Slutsatser var att de intervjuade intensivvårdssjuksköterskorna ställde sig positiva till DCD och tidigare forskning visar att det kan vara en källa till ökning av organtillgång förutsatt att det är organisatoriskt genomförbart.

Abstract [en]

Today there are many patients on the waiting list to receive one or more organ transplants. With the current Swedish legislation not all potential organ donors are identified and therefore these organs are omitted as potential transplants. The government is in the process of investigating the possibility to implement organ donation after cardiac death, i.e. DCD. The aim of the study was to describe ICU nurses’ understanding, thoughts and emotions, as well as their preparations regards to DCD. Seven ICU nurses at two hospitals in western Sweden were interviewed and data were processed through qualitative content analysis. The results are presented as four categories: Perceived fears and potential consequences regarding DCD, the meeting with relatives, Thoughts and emotions regarding organizational difficulties and Thoughts and emotions regarding ethical dilemmas. Conclusions derived from the findings in the interviews with ICU nurses were a fully positive perception of DCD and that DCD could mean an increase in the amount of available organ donors given that legalisation and organisation processes are clear and possible to carry out.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2015.
Keyword [en]
DCD, DBD, organ donor, donation, transplantation, ethics, attitudes, intensive care
National Category
Nursing
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:hb:diva-4000OAI: oai:DiVA.org:hb-4000DiVA: diva2:881316
Subject / course
Vårdvetenskap - Specialistsjuksköterska
Available from: 2015-12-11 Created: 2015-12-10 Last updated: 2015-12-11Bibliographically approved

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CiteExportLink to record
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