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Child witnesses' metamemory realism
University of Borås, School of Education and Behavioural Science.
2006 (English)In: Scandinavian Journal of Psychology, ISSN 0036-5564, E-ISSN 1467-9450, Vol. 47, no 6, 461-470 p.Article in journal (Refereed)
Abstract [en]

This study investigated the degree of realism in the confidence judgments of 11 to 12-year-olds (41 girls and 40 boys) of their answers to questions relating to a short film clip showing a kidnapping event. Four different confidence scales were used: a numeric scale, a picture scale, a line scale and a written scale. The results demonstrated that the children showed a high level of overconfidence in their memories. However, no significant differences between the four confidence scales were found. Weak gender differences were found in that the girls were slightly, but significantly, better calibrated than the boys. In addition, although both boys and girls overestimated the total number of memory questions they had answered correctly, the boys gave higher estimates compared with the girls. In brief, the results indicate that, at least in the context investigated, 11–12 year-old children’s confidence in and estimations of their own event memory show poor realism (overconfidence and overestimation). A comparison with previous research on adults indicates that 11 to 12-year-old children show noticeably poorer realism.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Wiley-Blackwell Publishing , 2006. Vol. 47, no 6, 461-470 p.
Keyword [en]
eyewitness memory, metacognition
National Category
Psychology
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:hb:diva-2413Local ID: 2320/3573OAI: oai:DiVA.org:hb-2413DiVA: diva2:870507
Available from: 2015-11-13 Created: 2015-11-13

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