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Extraction and Precipitation of Chitosan from Cell Wall of Zygomycetes Fungi by Dilute Sulfuric Acid
University of Borås, School of Engineering.
University of Borås, School of Engineering.ORCID iD: 0000-0003-4887-2433
2007 (English)In: Biomacromolecules, ISSN 1525-7797, E-ISSN 1526-4602, Vol. 8, no 12, 3786-3790 p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

A new method was developed in this work for extraction of chitosan and partial characterization of zygomycetes fungi. The method is based on temperature-dependent solubility of chitosan in dilute sulfuric acid. Chitin (acetylated chitosan) is neither soluble in cold nor hot dilute sulfuric acid. Similarly chitosan is not soluble at room temperature. However, it is dissolved in 1% H2SO4 at 121°C within just 20 min. The new method was developed to measure the chitosan content of biomass and cell wall materials derived from different sources. The procedures were investigated by measuring phosphate, protein, ash, glucuronic acid and degree of acetylation. The cell wall derivatives of fungus Rhizomucor pusillus were then examined by this new method. The results indicated 8% of the dry biomass as chitosan. After treatment with NaOH, the alkali insoluble material (AIM) contained 45.3% chitosan. Treatment of AIM with acetic acid resulted in acetic acid soluble material (AcSM), 16.5% and alkali and acid insoluble material (AAIM), 79.0%. AcSM is traditionally cited as pure chitosan, but this new method shows major impurities by e.g. phosphate. Furthermore, traditional methods usually consider AAIM as chitosan-free fraction of the cell walls, while this new method shows more than 76% of the chitosan present in AIM to be found in AAIM. It might indicate the inability of acetic acid to separate fungal chitosan from the cell wall.

Abstract [en]

A new method was developed in this work for extraction of chitosan from the zygomycetes cell wall. It is based on the temperature-dependent solubility of chitosan in dilute sulfuric acid. Chitin is soluble in neither cold nor hot dilute sulfuric acid. Similarly chitosan is not soluble at room temperature but is dissolved in 1% H2SO4 at 121 °C within 20 min. The new method was developed to measure the chitosan content of the biomass and cell wall. The procedures were investigated by measuring phosphate, protein, ash, glucuronic acid, and degree of acetylation. The cell wall derivatives of fungus Rhizomucor pusillus were then examined by this new method. The results indicated 8% of the biomass as chitosan. After treatment with NaOH, the alkali-insoluble material (AIM) contained 45.3% chitosan. Treatment of AIM with acetic acid resulted in 16.5% acetic-acid-soluble material (AcSM) and 79.0% alkali- and acid-insoluble material (AAIM). AcSM is usually cited as pure chitosan, but the new method shows major impurities by, for example, phosphate. Furthermore, AAIM is usually considered to be the chitosan-free fraction, whereas the new method shows more than 76% of the chitosan present in AIM is found in AAIM. It might indicate the inability of acetic acid to separate chitosan from the cell wall.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
American Chemical Society , 2007. Vol. 8, no 12, 3786-3790 p.
Keyword [sv]
Energi och material
National Category
Industrial Biotechnology
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:hb:diva-2386DOI: 10.1021/bm700701wLocal ID: 2320/3308OAI: oai:DiVA.org:hb-2386DiVA: diva2:870477
Available from: 2015-11-13 Created: 2015-11-13 Last updated: 2016-09-29Bibliographically approved

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