Change search
CiteExportLink to record
Permanent link

Direct link
Cite
Citation style
  • apa
  • harvard1
  • ieee
  • modern-language-association-8th-edition
  • vancouver
  • Other style
More styles
Language
  • de-DE
  • en-GB
  • en-US
  • fi-FI
  • nn-NO
  • nn-NB
  • sv-SE
  • Other locale
More languages
Output format
  • html
  • text
  • asciidoc
  • rtf
A Review of Natural Fibers Used in Biocomposites: Plant, Animal and Regenerated Cellulose Fibers
University of Borås, Faculty of Textiles, Engineering and Business. (Polymer Group)
University of Borås, Faculty of Textiles, Engineering and Business. (Polymer Group)
University of Borås, Faculty of Textiles, Engineering and Business. (Polymer Group)
2015 (English)In: Polymer Reviews, ISSN 1558-3724, Vol. 55, no 1, 107-162 p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Sustainable development
The content falls within the scope of Sustainable Development
Abstract [en]

Natural fibers today are a popular choice for applications in composite manufacturing. Based on the sustainability benefits, biofibers such as plant fibers are replacing synthetic fibers in composites. These fibers are used to manufacture several biocomposites. The chemical composition and properties of each of the fibers changes, which demands the detailed comparison of these fibers. The reinforcement potential of natural fibers and their properties have been described in numerous papers. Today, high performance biocomposites are produced from several years of research. Plant fibers, particularly bast and leaf, find applications in automotive industries. While most of the other fibers are explored in lab scales they have not yet found large-scale commercial applications. It is necessary to also consider other fibers such as ones made from seed (coir) and animals (chicken feather) as they are secondary or made from waste products. Few plant fibers such as bast fibers are often reviewed briefly but other plant and animal fibers are not discussed in detail. This review paper discusses all the six types of plant fibers such as bast, leaf, seed, straw, grass, and wood, together with animal fibers and regenerated cellulose fibers. Additionally, the review considers developments dealing with natural fibers and their composites. The fiber source, extraction, availability, type, composition, and mechanical properties are discussed. The advantages and disadvantages of using each biofiber are discussed. Three fabric architectures such as nonwoven, woven and knitted have been briefly discussed. Finally, the paper presents the overview of the results from the composites made from each fiber with suitable references for in-depth studies.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Taylor & Francis, 2015. Vol. 55, no 1, 107-162 p.
Keyword [en]
Natural fiber composite, Biocomposite, Plant Fiber, Animal Fiber, Bast Fiber, Leaf Fiber, Polymer Composites, Natural fiber composites, Sustainable materials, biomaterials
National Category
Polymer Chemistry Materials Engineering
Research subject
Resource Recovery
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:hb:diva-2061DOI: 10.1080/15583724.2014.971124Local ID: 2320/14734OAI: oai:DiVA.org:hb-2061DiVA: diva2:870142
Available from: 2015-11-13 Created: 2015-11-13 Last updated: 2017-03-20Bibliographically approved

Open Access in DiVA

No full text

Other links

Publisher's full text

Search in DiVA

By author/editor
Ramamoorthy, Sunil KumarSkrifvars, MikaelPersson, Anders
By organisation
Faculty of Textiles, Engineering and Business
Polymer ChemistryMaterials Engineering

Search outside of DiVA

GoogleGoogle Scholar

Altmetric score

Total: 1124 hits
CiteExportLink to record
Permanent link

Direct link
Cite
Citation style
  • apa
  • harvard1
  • ieee
  • modern-language-association-8th-edition
  • vancouver
  • Other style
More styles
Language
  • de-DE
  • en-GB
  • en-US
  • fi-FI
  • nn-NO
  • nn-NB
  • sv-SE
  • Other locale
More languages
Output format
  • html
  • text
  • asciidoc
  • rtf