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The impact of direct admission to a catheterisation lab/CCU in patients with ST-elevation myocardial infarction on the delay to reperfusion and early risk of death: results of a systematic review including meta-analysis
University of Borås, School of Health Science. (Prehospital akutsjukvård)
University of Borås, School of Health Science. (Prehospital akutsjukvård)
University of Borås, School of Health Science. (Prehospital akutsjukvård)
University of Borås, School of Health Science. (Prehospital akutsjukvård)
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2014 (English)In: Scandinavian Journal of Trauma, Resuscitation and Emergency Medicine, ISSN 1757-7241, E-ISSN 1757-7241, Vol. 22, no 67Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Sustainable development
The content falls within the scope of Sustainable Development
Abstract [en]

Background For each hour of delay from fist medical contact until reperfusion in ST-elevation myocardial infarction (STEMI) there is a 10% increase in risk of death and heart failure. The aim of this review is to describe the impact of the direct admission of patients with STEMI to a Catheterisation laboratory (cath lab) as compared with transport to the emergency department (ED) with regard to delays and outcome. Methods Databases were searched for from April-June 2012 and updated January 2014: 1) Pubmed; 2) Embase; 3) Cochrane Library; 4) ProQuest Nursing and 5) Allied Health Sources. The search was restricted to studies in English, Swedish, Danish and Norwegian languages. The intervention was a protocol-based clinical pre-hospital pathway and main outcome measurements were the delay to balloon inflation and hospital mortality. Results Median delay from door to balloon was significantly shorter in the intervention group in all 5 studies reported. Difference in median delay varied between 16 minutes and 47 minutes. In all 7 included studies the time from symptom onset or first medical contact to balloon time was significantly shorter in the intervention group. The difference in median delay varied between 15 minutes and 1 hour and 35 minutes. Only two studies described hospital mortality. When combined the risk of death was reduced by 37%. Conclusion An overview of available studies of the impact of a protocol-based pre-hospital clinical pathway with direct admission to a cath lab as compared with the standard transport to the ED in ST-elevation AMI suggests the following. The delay to the start of revascularisation will be reduced. The clinical benefit is not clearly evidence based. However, the documented association between system delay and outcome defends the use of the pathway.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
BioMed Central Ltd. , 2014. Vol. 22, no 67
Keyword [sv]
Prehospital Akutsjukvård
National Category
Cardiac and Cardiovascular Systems Nursing
Research subject
Integrated Caring Science
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:hb:diva-2013DOI: 10.1186/s13049-014-0067-xPubMedID: 25420752Local ID: 2320/14578OAI: oai:DiVA.org:hb-2013DiVA: diva2:870094
Available from: 2015-11-13 Created: 2015-11-13 Last updated: 2017-05-02Bibliographically approved

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Hagiwara, MBremer, AClaesson, AAxelsson, CNorberg, GabriellaHerlitz, J
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