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Biogas production from lignocelluloses by N-methylmorpholine-N-oxide (NMMO) pretreatment: Effects of recovery and reuse of NMMO
University of Borås, School of Engineering. (Biotechnology)ORCID iD: 0000-0003-4887-2433
University of Borås, School of Engineering. (Biotechnology)
2014 (English)In: Bioresource Technology, ISSN 0960-8524, E-ISSN 1873-2976, Vol. 161, p. 446-450Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Sustainable development
The content falls within the scope of Sustainable Development
Abstract [en]

The effects of N-methylmorpholine-N-oxide (NMMO) pretreatment on barley straw and forest residues were investigated for biogas production. The pretreatments were performed at 90 °C with 85% NMMO for 3–30 h. The best pretreatment conditions resulted in 100% improvement in methane yield during the subsequent digestion compared to that of the untreated lignocelluloses. Methane yields of 0.23 and 0.15 Nm3 CH4/kg VS were obtained from barley straw and forest residues, respectively, corresponding to 88% and 83% of the theoretical yields. In addition, the effects of the pretreatment with recovered and reused NMMO was also studied over the course of five cycles. Pretreatment with recycled NMMO showed the same performance as the fresh NMMO on barley straw. However, pretreatment of forest residues with recycled NMMO resulted in 55% reduction in methane yield.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Elsevier , 2014. Vol. 161, p. 446-450
Keywords [en]
Resource Recovery
National Category
Industrial Biotechnology
Research subject
Resource Recovery
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:hb:diva-1888DOI: 10.1016/j.biortech.2014.03.107ISI: 000335436000058PubMedID: 24736089Local ID: 2320/14030OAI: oai:DiVA.org:hb-1888DiVA, id: diva2:869966
Available from: 2015-11-13 Created: 2015-11-13 Last updated: 2017-12-01Bibliographically approved
In thesis
1. Bioprocessing of Recalcitrant Substrates for Biogas Production
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Bioprocessing of Recalcitrant Substrates for Biogas Production
2015 (English)Doctoral thesis, comprehensive summary (Other academic)
Abstract [en]

The application of anaerobic digestion (AD) as a sustainable waste management technology is growing worldwide, due to high energy prices as well as increasingly strict environmental regulations. The growth of the AD industry necessitates exploring new substrates for their utilisation in AD processes. The present work investigates the AD of two recalcitrant biomass: lignocelluloses and keratin-rich residues. The complex nature of these waste streams limits their biological degradation; therefore, suitable pre-processing is required prior to the AD process.In the first part of the study, the effects of organic solvent pre-treatments on bioconversion of lignocelluloses (straw and forest residues) to biogas were evaluated. Pre-treatment with N-methylmorpholine-N-oxide (NMMO) resulted in minor changes in the composition of the substrates, while their digestibility significantly increased. Furthermore, due to the high cost of the NNMO, the effect of pre-treatment with the recycled solvent was also explored. Since it was found that the presence of small traces of NMMO in the system after the treatment has inhibitory effects on AD, pre-treatments of forest residues using other organic solvents, i.e. acetic acid, ethanol, and methanol, were investigated too. Although pre-treatments with acetic acid and ethanol led to the highest methane yields, the techno-economical evaluation of the process showed that pre-treatment with methanol was the most viable economically, primarily due to the lower cost of methanol, compared to that of the other solvents.In the second part of the work, wool textile wastes were subjected to biogas production. Wool is mainly composed of keratin, an extremely strong and resistible structural protein. Thermal, enzymatic and combined treatments were, therefore, performed to enhance the methane yield. The soluble protein content of the pre-treated samples showed that combined thermal and enzymatic treatments had significantly positive effects on wool degradation, resulting in the highest methane yields, i.e. 10–20-fold higher methane production, compared to that obtained from the untreated samples.In the last part of this thesis work, dry digestion of wheat straw and wool textile waste, as well as their co-digestion were studied. The total solid (TS) contents applied in the digesters were between 6–30% during the investigations. The volumetric methane productivity was significantly enhanced when the TS was increased from 6 to 13–21%. This can be a beneficial factor when considering the economic feasibility of large-scale dry AD processes.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Borås: Högskolan i Borås, 2015. p. 65
Series
Skrifter från Högskolan i Borås, ISSN 0280-381X ; 70
Keywords
anaerobic digestion, biogas, lignocellulose, wool, keratin, pre-treatment, co-digestion, dry digestion, economic evaluation
National Category
Environmental Biotechnology
Research subject
Resource Recovery
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:hb:diva-597 (URN)978-91-87525-69-8 (ISBN)978-91-87525-70-4 (ISBN)
Public defence
2015-10-09, D207, Allégatan 1, Borås, Sweden., Borås, 10:00 (English)
Available from: 2015-09-04 Created: 2015-08-10 Last updated: 2016-01-13Bibliographically approved

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Taherzadeh, M.J.Sárvári Horváth, I.

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