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Normaliseringens uppkomst och tidiga utveckling i Sverige
University of Borås, School of Education and Behavioural Science.
2012 (Swedish)In: Handicaphistorisk Tidsskrift, ISSN 1399-4786, Vol. 28, 73-100 p.Article in journal (Refereed)
Abstract [en]

THE ORIGIN AND EARLY DEVELOPMENT OF NORMALISATION IN SWEDEN. Normalisation can be seen as a key concept, both in disability research and in special education. In Sweden so far, the origin of this basic approach is connected to the time period after World War II. The purpose of this paper is to nuance this perspective. The existing Swedish historiography on normalisation, to some extent written by protagonists of the concept, will be discussed. We agree on the full effectiveness of normalisation based on a reform-oriented social policy from the 1960s. However, by means of historical research and based on hermeneutic methods, this study aims to demonstrate the concept’s origin and early development in Sweden already some decades before. For that purpose historical sources from contemporary Swedish litera-ture and reports from school authorities will be analysed. In particular the so called external schools for the feeble-minded had a certain impact on the emergence and spreading of the normalisation approach. As a result of our research, and by linking it to the development of the Swedish welfare state, normalisation can be contextualised historically. This outcome is of high relevance for understanding the history of a path-breaking concept. Finally, and with regard to the future, the question of adaptability and modernity of normalisation arises.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Historisk Selskab for Handicap og Samfund , 2012. Vol. 28, 73-100 p.
Keyword [en]
Normalisation, Sweden, Welfare state, Disability policy, Integration, History of education
National Category
Social Sciences Pedagogy History History of Ideas
Research subject
Teacher Education and Education Work
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:hb:diva-1437Local ID: 2320/11778OAI: oai:DiVA.org:hb-1437DiVA: diva2:869494
Available from: 2015-11-13 Created: 2015-11-13

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CiteExportLink to record
Permanent link

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Cite
Citation style
  • apa
  • harvard1
  • ieee
  • modern-language-association-8th-edition
  • vancouver
  • Other style
More styles
Language
  • de-DE
  • en-GB
  • en-US
  • fi-FI
  • nn-NO
  • nn-NB
  • sv-SE
  • Other locale
More languages
Output format
  • html
  • text
  • asciidoc
  • rtf