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Isolation and Characterization of Zygomycetes Fungi from Tempe for Ethanol Production and Biomass Applications
University of Borås, School of Engineering. (Biotechnology)
University of Borås, School of Engineering. (Biotechnology)
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2012 (English)In: Applied Biochemistry and Biotechnology, ISSN 0273-2289, E-ISSN 1559-0291, Vol. 167, no 6, 1501-1512 p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Sustainable development
The content falls within the scope of Sustainable Development
Abstract [en]

Mixed fungal cultures used for making tempe, a fermented soy bean food, were screened for biomass conversion. Thirty-two zygomycetes strains from two tempe cultures were isolated and identified as Rhizopus, Mucor, Rhizomucor, and Absidia species based upon morphology. The dry weight biomass of these strains contained 49% to 63% protein and 10-24% chitosan. The strains with the best growth performance were selected and registered at Culture Collection of Gothenburg University as Rhizomucor CCUG 61146 and Rhizomucor CCUG 61147. These strains were able to grow both aerobically and micro-aerobically. Their ethanol yields were 0.38-0.47, 0.19-0.22, and 0.31-0.38 g/g on glucose, xylose, and a mix sugars consisting of cellobiose, glucose, xylose, arabinose, galactose, and mannose, respectively. The biomass yield of the strains varied between 65 and 140 mg dry weight/g glucose.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Humana Press, Inc. , 2012. Vol. 167, no 6, 1501-1512 p.
Keyword [en]
Resource Recovery
National Category
Industrial Biotechnology
Research subject
Resource Recovery
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:hb:diva-1314DOI: 10.1007/s12010-012-9587-xISI: 000306586100003PubMedID: 22328262Local ID: 2320/11319OAI: oai:DiVA.org:hb-1314DiVA: diva2:869338
Available from: 2015-11-13 Created: 2015-11-13 Last updated: 2016-09-29Bibliographically approved

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Wikandari, RachmaLennartsson, P.Taherzadeh, M.J.
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CiteExportLink to record
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