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Nurse-led empowerment strategies for patients with hypertension: A questionnaire survey
University of Borås, Faculty of Caring Science, Work Life and Social Welfare.ORCID iD: 0000-0002-7117-9808
2015 (English)In: International Nursing Review, Vol. 62, no 2, 187-195 p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

Background

Hypertension is common and may lead to cerebrovascular and cardiovascular events and mortality. District nurses frequently encounter patients requiring blood pressure monitoring, lifestyle counsel and support. Empowerment as a method enables patients to both increase their control over their health and improve it.

Aim

This study aims to describe the effects of the counsel and support from district nurses to patients with hypertension.

Methods

A randomized controlled intervention trial. Questionnaires were answered by patients with hypertension before and after the intervention comprising district nurses' counsel and support based upon empowerment. A specially developed card for blood pressure monitoring was also used.

Results

Blood pressure decreased in intervention and the control groups. The intervention group experienced significantly improved health, with better emotional and physical health, and reduced stress. Living habits did not change significantly in either group. Satisfaction with knowledge of hypertension increased significantly in both groups. The intervention group reported that their care was based upon their health needs.

Limitations

Conducting large multi-centre studies with long follow-ups is complicated and results sometimes have a tendency to decline with time. A shorter follow-up might have shown a greater difference between the groups.

Conclusion

Nursing interventions through district nurses' counsel and support with empowerment improved patients' health. More research is needed to evaluate nursing interventions' effect on hypertension.

Implications for nursing and health policy

This study highlighted that district nurses' counsel and support increased patients' health and decreased stress by focusing on empowerment.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2015. Vol. 62, no 2, 187-195 p.
National Category
Health Sciences
Research subject
Människan i vården
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:hb:diva-1064OAI: oai:DiVA.org:hb-1064DiVA: diva2:868146
Available from: 2015-11-09 Created: 2015-11-09 Last updated: 2015-11-09

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CiteExportLink to record
Permanent link

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Cite
Citation style
  • apa
  • harvard1
  • ieee
  • modern-language-association-8th-edition
  • vancouver
  • Other style
More styles
Language
  • de-DE
  • en-GB
  • en-US
  • fi-FI
  • nn-NO
  • nn-NB
  • sv-SE
  • Other locale
More languages
Output format
  • html
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