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Vattenavvisande impregnering av betong: Framställning och undersökning av vattenavvisande betongytor
University of Borås, Faculty of Textiles, Engineering and Business.
University of Borås, Faculty of Textiles, Engineering and Business.
2015 (Swedish)Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesisAlternative title
Hydrophobic impregnation of concrete : Preparation and study of water-repellent concrete surfaces (English)
Abstract [sv]

Syftet med projektet var att utveckla och utvärdera vattenavvisande betongytor. Idén grundades på ett antagande om att nano-modifiering av betongytan i kombination med en hydrofob impregnering kan resultera i superhydrofob betong. Detta arbete genomfördes i sammarbete med CBI Betonginstitutet i Borås, där laboratorietester av ultrahögpresterande betong och effekterna av två olika hydrofoba medel, StoCryl HG200 och SILRES®BS1001, gällande vattenavstötning, undersöktes. För att framställa en textilmönstrad yta, har olika tekniker använts: att gjuta betong på textilytan och att framställa nya silikonformar med textilavtryck. Under tillverkningsprocessen valdes olika typer av textilier. Resultaten indikerade att olika textilier, med olika ytstruktur, kan påverka hydrofobicitet nivån hos betongytan. Silikonformen har visats sig vara mest effektiv i strukturen av betongytan och i kombination med impregnering, har flera superhydrofoba ytor uppnåtts. Silikon kan återanvändas och därmed bidrar till en hållbar och repeterbar teknik. De tester som använts för undersökning av hydrofobicitet var: roll-off och kontaktvinkeln. Hållbarheten på absorptionsförmågan av ytorna mot frost testades. Provningen följde ingen standardmetod men var anpassad till de vanliga klimatförhållanden som råder i Sverige.Användningen av ultrahögpresterande betong med superhydrofoba ytor kan skydda fasaden och isoleringen mot inträngning av fukt. Fasadskivans tjocklek på 10 mm kan med fördel ersätta ett tjockt fasadelement med stålarmering. Sammanfattningsvis är betongytan lättrengörande och på grund av dess långa livslängd, är det ekonomiskt fördelaktigt.

Abstract [en]

The focus of this study was to develop and evaluate hydrophobic surfaces of concrete. The idea was based on an assumption that nano-modification of concrete surface, in combination with a hydrophobic impregnation, can result in superhydrophobic concrete. The work was performed in cooperation with the CBI Betonginstitutet in Borås, where the laboratory tests of ultra-high performance concrete, and the effects of two different hydrophobic agents, StoCryl HG200 and SILRES®BS1001, on water repellency, were investigated. In order to produce a textured surface, different techniques were used: to cast concrete in the textile forms and to produce new forms of silicone with textile patterns. For the production process, different types of textile were selected. The results indicated that different textiles, of different surface structure, can influence the hydrophobicity level of the concrete surface. Silicone form has proven to be most efficient in the texturing of the concrete surface, and in combination with impregnation, several superhydrophobic surfaces were achieved. Silicone can be re-used, thus contributing to a sustainable and repeatable technique. The tests used for the examination of hydrophobicity were: roll-off and contact angle. The durability of the hydrophobicity level of the surfaces against freeze was tested. The test did not follow a standard method but was based to the regular climatic conditions that occur in Sweden,.The use of ultra-high performance concrete with super hydrophobic surfaces can protect the façade and the insulation against penetrating damp. The façade thickness of 10 mm could successfully exchange thick façade element with steel reinforcement. In conclusion, the concrete surface is easy to clean, and due to its long life spans, it is economically favorable.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2015. , p. 55
Keywords [sv]
betong, hydrofob, superhydrofob, impregnering, kontaktvinkel, roll-off, tekniska textilier, silikonformar, ytskydd, ultrahögpresterande, CBI, vattenavvisande, examensarbete, ytmodifiering, SP
National Category
Engineering and Technology
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:hb:diva-705OAI: oai:DiVA.org:hb-705DiVA, id: diva2:852911
Subject / course
Byggteknik
Uppsok
Technology
Available from: 2015-09-25 Created: 2015-09-10 Last updated: 2015-11-18Bibliographically approved

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