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Towards maximum value creation from potato protein liquor: volatile fatty acids production from fungal cultivation effluent
University of Borås, Faculty of Textiles, Engineering and Business. Department of Environmental Engineering, Istanbul Technical University, Maslak, 34469 Istanbul, Turkey.ORCID iD: 0000-0001-5359-4496
University of Borås, Faculty of Textiles, Engineering and Business.ORCID iD: 0000-0003-0278-7321
University of Borås, Faculty of Textiles, Engineering and Business.
Flemish Institute for Technological Research, VITO NV, Boeretang 200, B-2400 Mol, Belgium.
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2023 (English)In: Biomass Conversion and Biorefinery, ISSN 2190-6815, E-ISSN 2190-6823Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Sustainable development
According to the author(s), the content of this publication falls within the area of sustainable development.
Abstract [en]

The cornerstones of an efficient circular waste management strategy aiming for enhanced resource efficiency are maximizing organic waste valorization and improving residual conversion to biochemicals. In this regard, this study focuses on the production of volatile fatty acids (VFAs) from the effluent of fungi biomass cultivation on low-grade residues from the potato starch industry with batch and semi-continuous membrane bioreactors (MBRs) containing the effluent of already fermented potato protein liquor (FPPL) inoculated with chicken and cow manure. The effect of pH in the batch experiments on the production and yield of VFAs during acidogenic digestion was evaluated. Rapid generation of VFAs at a concentration of up to 11.8 g/L could be successfully achieved in the MBR. Under the optimal conditions, a high yield of 0.65 g VFAs/g VSfed was obtained for the organic loading rate (OLR) of 1 g VS/L/d using FPPL substrate and chicken manure as inoculum. The results show that the application of sequential multi-step bioconversion of potato starch industry residues has the potential to increase the variety of value-added products generated from a single organic residue while enhancing nutrient recovery capacity. 

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2023.
National Category
Other Industrial Biotechnology
Research subject
Resource Recovery; Resource Recovery
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:hb:diva-29327DOI: 10.1007/s13399-023-03782-0ISI: 000915884600004Scopus ID: 2-s2.0-85146255673OAI: oai:DiVA.org:hb-29327DiVA, id: diva2:1728086
Available from: 2023-01-17 Created: 2023-01-17 Last updated: 2024-02-21
In thesis
1. Unlocking Sustainability in Wastewater Denitrification through Waste-Derived Volatile Fatty Acids
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Unlocking Sustainability in Wastewater Denitrification through Waste-Derived Volatile Fatty Acids
2024 (English)Doctoral thesis, comprehensive summary (Other academic)
Abstract [en]

Carbon sources play a critical role in biological nitrogen removal during wastewater treatment, where strict total nitrogen limits on effluent discharge apply. Organic carbon sources serve as electron donors in the denitrification for heterotrophic denitrifiers. The growing need for improved denitrification driven by increasing influent loads in a limited area and stricter nutrient discharge standards has increased the demand for external carbon sources. Conventional carbon sources such as methanol or ethanol, used in wastewater treatment, are often derived from fossil fuels, raising environmental and economic concerns. Therefore, this thesis explores an alternative solution for carbon source provision in denitrification, i.e., waste-derived volatile fatty acids (VFAs). Several VFAs, e.g., acetic acid, propionic acid, and butyric acid, are generated during the anaerobic digestion (AD) of various organic waste materials as intermediate metabolites, which are a sustainable alternative that holds great promise for optimizing denitrification processes while mitigating environmental impacts.

In this thesis membrane bioreactors (MBRs) were applied for efficient production and extraction of VFAs from organic waste. This novel membrane separation technique led to particle-free VFAs at a high yield of 0.65 g VFAs/g VSfed. However, this VFAs effluent contains impurities such as ammonium ions (NH4+) that can have adverse effects when applied in wastewater operations, especially in the denitrification process. Ammonium removal potential was explored using a low-cost natural zeolite, clinoptilolite. The VFAs effluent was subjected to an ion exchange process to remove ammonium. Under the determined optimum conditions, average removal efficiencies of 93 and 94% were found for NH4+ removal at 12 h equilibrium time for the synthetic and VFA effluents, respectively. Denitrification performance was investigated thoroughly, and denitrification rates were compared with those obtained using conventional carbon sources. Although methanol exhibits a faster nitrate (NO3−) removal capability than obtained using other carbon sources, there is a lack of synchronicity between the conversion of NO3− ions to nitrite (NO2−) and NO2− to N2. However, relatively few issues have been encountered with using VFAs as a carbon source. Although adding VFA as the sole carbon source exhibited a slower denitrification rate than obtained with methanol, 50% of methanol can be replaced by waste-derived VFAs, achieving performance comparable to that obtained with pure methanol. In addition, further upgrading of waste-derived VFAs was complemented with the nanofiltration process before their application in wastewater treatment to increase their carbon content. It was observed that the chemical oxygen demand of VFAs increased up to 4.3 times (from 26.5 to 113.7 g/L). The concentrated waste-derived VFAs (after nanofiltration) could be used in the denitrification process of wastewater treatment. In conclusion, the use of waste-derived VFAs emerged as a potential sustainable alternative replacement of the conventional carbon sources for wastewater denitrification.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Borås: Högskolan i Borås, 2024
Series
Skrifter från Högskolan i Borås, ISSN 0280-381X ; 147
Keywords
volatile fatty acids, wastewater denitrification, ammonium removal, sustainable carbon source
National Category
Other Industrial Biotechnology
Research subject
Resource Recovery
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:hb:diva-30974 (URN)978-91-89833-33-3 (ISBN)978-91-89833-34-0 (ISBN)
Public defence
2024-03-15, C203, Allégatan 1, Borås, 10:00 (English)
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Supervisors
Available from: 2024-02-22 Created: 2023-12-07 Last updated: 2024-02-21Bibliographically approved

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Sapmaz, TugbaUwineza, ClarisseMahboubi, AmirTaherzadeh, Mohammad J

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