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Facing the unfamiliar: Nurses' transcultural care in intensive care - A focus group study.
Södra Älvsborgs Hospital.
University of Borås, Faculty of Caring Science, Work Life and Social Welfare.ORCID iD: 0000-0002-9828-961X
University of Borås, Faculty of Caring Science, Work Life and Social Welfare.ORCID iD: 0000-0002-0047-9723
2019 (English)In: Intensive & Critical Care Nursing, ISSN 0964-3397, E-ISSN 1532-4036, article id 102752Article in journal (Refereed) Epub ahead of print
Abstract [en]

INTRODUCTION: Western Europe today is a culturally diverse society and expected to become more so in the future. When patients from unfamiliar cultures become critically ill and require intensive care, this places considerable demands on the cultural and linguistic competencies of the intensive care staff. Existing research regarding the transcultural aspects of intensive care is scarce and, in Sweden, non-existent.

OBJECTIVE: To explore the experiences of critical care nurses and enrolled nurses in caring for culturally diverse patients in intensive care units.

METHOD: Four focus group interviews were conducted with a total of 15 interviewees. The collected data were subjected to qualitative content analysis.

FINDINGS: The findings mostly concerned the nursing staff's experiences of caring for relatives. Caring for the relatives of culturally diverse patients was described as challenging due to linguistic and cultural barriers.

CONCLUSIONS: To overcome linguistic and cultural barriers, intensive care units should be reorganised and restructured to create a more welcoming environment for relatives. Alternative communication methods should be developed and traditional ways of using support from interpreters support must be re-evaluated. Education to ensure cultural competence and the promotion of an intercultural approach is key and the development of research programmes is recommended.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2019. article id 102752
Keywords [en]
Cultural competence, Culturally diverse, Focus groups interview, Intensive care unit, Intercultural care, Nursing staff, Relatives, Transcultural care
National Category
Nursing
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:hb:diva-21925DOI: 10.1016/j.iccn.2019.08.002PubMedID: 31416669OAI: oai:DiVA.org:hb-21925DiVA, id: diva2:1367978
Available from: 2019-11-05 Created: 2019-11-05 Last updated: 2019-11-11Bibliographically approved

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Fridh, IsabellLindahl, Berit

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