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Stabilization of zero valent iron (Fe0) on plasma/dendrimer functionalizedpolyester fabrics for Fenton-like removal of hazardous water pollutants
University of Borås, Faculty of Textiles, Engineering and Business. University of Boras. (Textile Material Technology)ORCID iD: 0000-0003-2820-1333
College of Textile and Clothing Engineering, Soochow University.
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2019 (English)In: Chemical Engineering Journal, ISSN 1385-8947, Vol. 374, p. 658-673Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Sustainable development
According to the author(s), the content of this publication falls within the area of sustainable development.
Abstract [en]

This study reports the synthesis, immobilization and stabilization of multiscale zero valent iron (Fe0=ZVI)particles on fibrous polyester (PET) nonwoven membrane for heterogeneous Fenton-like removal of hazardouspollutants in water. Activation of PET fiber surface by air atmospheric plasma with or without a consecutivegrafting of hyperbranched poly-(ethylene glycol)-pseudo generation 5 dendrimer having hydroxyl (-OH) endgroup functionality created polar reactive functional groups allowing immobilization and stabilization of ZVIparticles. Synthesis of ZVI was carried out through chemical reduction of ferric ions, either through a single stepin-situ, or a two-step ex-situ reduction-immobilization method. The nonwovens were characterized usingwettability, Fourier transform infrared spectroscopy (FTIR), optical microscopy, scanning electron microscopy(SEM), X-ray energy-dispersive spectroscopy (EDS), X-ray diffraction (XRD) and thermo-gravimetric analysis(TGA). Results confirmed the formation and immobilization of nano to sub-micronic multi-scale ZVI particles.The particle size, distribution and stability of ZVI were found to be influenced by the methods of ZVI synthesisand PET surface activation used. The ZVI particles initially formed, quasi-instantaneously turned to yellowishbrown indicating the formation of oxide layer, except in the case of dendrimer grafted PET, where higher content(22.30%) and stability of ZVI was detected. All ZVI immobilized nonwovens exhibited high effectiveness towardsFenton-like degradation of malachite green dye (20 ppm), with fastest color removal (98% in 20 min) achievedby dendrimer/ex-situ nonwoven. This nonwoven could be used up to eight repeated cycles providing low TDS (52 ppm) and high COD reduction (66.23%). Combined use of eco-friendly plasma and dendrimer grafting,provides efficient fibrous textile base heterogeneous catalysis.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2019. Vol. 374, p. 658-673
Keywords [en]
Air atmospheric plasma, Dendrimer, Zero valent iron, Polyester nonwoven, Fenton, Wastewater treatment
National Category
Materials Engineering Chemical Process Engineering Textile, Rubber and Polymeric Materials
Research subject
Textiles and Fashion (General)
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:hb:diva-21167DOI: 10.1016/j.cej.2019.05.162OAI: oai:DiVA.org:hb-21167DiVA, id: diva2:1321154
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SMDTexAvailable from: 2019-06-07 Created: 2019-06-07 Last updated: 2019-06-17Bibliographically approved

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Morshed, Mohammad NeazNierstrasz, Vincent

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