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Biodegradable Composites: Processing of thermoplastic polymers for medical applications.
University of Borås, School of Engineering.
University of Borås, School of Engineering.
2009 (English)Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (One Year))Student thesis
Abstract [en]

Despite the recent development in PLA and PLGA based medical devices, there are still needs to further improve the mechanical performance of bioresorbable medical implants and their bioactivity. This is normally done by optimizing the filler compositions in selected groups of biodegradable polymer matrices. In this study, the effects of various filler levels on mechanical strength and thermal properties of PLA and PLGA composites were investigated. Composites containing different dosage of osteoconductive HAp with various particles size (0-5μm, 0-50 μm, nano size), β-TCP, bioactive glass and biodegradable Poly-L-lactide and Poly lactide-glycolic acid was manufactured with melt blending, using a twin-screw extruder. The samples were investigated by Differential Scanning Calorimetry (DSC), thermo gravimetric analysis (TGA), Scanning Electron Microscopy (SEM), viscometer, three points bending machine, and Optical Microscopy (OM). The Extruder produced a porous profile. The result from TGA and SEM indicated that there was homogenous filler dispersion in the matrix after compounding. The result from DSC and Viscometer shows that there was some degradation during compounding. Mechanical properties of composites were modified by adding filler to matrix. The addition of Bioactive glass, as a filler, increases the degradation of the polymer matrix. The best filler that was applied is 0-5μm and nano HAp. Also in in-vitro degradation part of this thesis work, the effects of calcium phosphate materials are investigated on degradation process.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
University of Borås/School of Engineering , 2009.
Series
Magisteruppsats
Keywords [en]
poly lactic acid, poly glycolic acid, microcompounder, in-vitro degradation, biomedical application, hydroxy appetite (hap), tricalcium phosphate (tcp), bioactive glass (bag), bioceramic, medical composite, differential scanning calorimetry (dsc), inherent viscosity, termogravimetric analysis (tga), scanning electron microscopy (sem), biodegradable composite
National Category
Engineering and Technology
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:hb:diva-19329Local ID: 2320/4837OAI: oai:DiVA.org:hb-19329DiVA, id: diva2:1311263
Available from: 2019-04-30 Created: 2019-04-30

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CiteExportLink to record
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Citation style
  • apa
  • harvard1
  • ieee
  • modern-language-association-8th-edition
  • vancouver
  • Other style
More styles
Language
  • de-DE
  • en-GB
  • en-US
  • fi-FI
  • nn-NO
  • nn-NB
  • sv-SE
  • Other locale
More languages
Output format
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