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Initialassessment, level of care and outcome among children who were seen by emergencymedical services: a prospective observational study.
Department of Molecular and Clinical Medicine, Sahlgrenska Academy.
University of Borås, Faculty of Caring Science, Work Life and Social Welfare. Department of Molecular and Clinical Medicine, Sahlgrenska Academy.ORCID iD: 0000-0003-4139-6235
Health Metrics Unit, Sahlgrenska Academy, University of Gothenburg.
University of Borås, Faculty of Caring Science, Work Life and Social Welfare. SU Ambulansen. (Prehospen)ORCID iD: 0000-0001-6505-9132
2018 (English)In: Scandinavian Journal of Trauma, Resuscitation and Emergency Medicine, ISSN 1757-7241, E-ISSN 1757-7241, Vol. 26, no 1, p. 88-Article in journal, Editorial material (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

BACKGROUND:

The assessment of children in the Emergency Medical Service (EMS) is infrequent representing 5.4% of the patients in an urban area in the western part of Sweden. In Sweden, patients are assessed on scene by an EMS nurse whom independently decides on interventions and level of care. To aid the EMS nurse in the assessment a triage instrument, Rapid Emergency Triage and Treatment System-paediatrics (RETTS-p) developed for Emergency Department (ED) purpose has been in use the last 5 years. The aim of this study was to evaluate the EMS nurse assessment, management, the utilisation of RETTS-p and patient outcome.

METHODS:

A prospective, observational study was performed on 651 children aged < 16 years from January to December 2016. Statistical tests used in the study were Mann-Whitney U test, Fisher's exact test and Spearman's rank statistics.

RESULTS:

The dispatch centre indexed life-threatening priority in 69% of the missions but, of all children, only 6.1% were given a life threatening RETTS-p red colour by the EMS nurse. A total of 69.7% of the children were transported to the ED and, of these, 31.7% were discharged without any interventions. Among the non-conveyed patients, 16 of 197 (8.1%) visited the ED within 72 h but only two were hospitalised. Full triage, including five out of five vital signs measurements and an emergency severity index, was conducted in 37.6% of all children. A triage colour was not present in 146 children (22.4%), of which the majority were non-conveyed. The overall 30-day mortality rate was 0.8% (n = 5) in children 0-15 years.

CONCLUSIONS:

Despite the incomplete use of all vital signs according to the RETTS-p, the EMS nurse assessment of children appears to be adapted to the clinical situation in most cases and the patients appear to be assessed to the appropriate level of care but indicating an over triage. It seems that the RETTS-p with full triage is used selectively in the pre-hospital assessment of children with a risk of death during the first 30 days of less than 1%.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2018. Vol. 26, no 1, p. 88-
Keywords [en]
Triage, Children, Pre-hospital assessment, Patient safety, EMS nurse, Level of care
National Category
Medical and Health Sciences
Research subject
Människan i vården
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:hb:diva-15412DOI: 10.1186/s13049-018-0560-8ISI: 000447850100002PubMedID: 30340502Scopus ID: 2-s2.0-85055076048OAI: oai:DiVA.org:hb-15412DiVA, id: diva2:1267732
Available from: 2018-12-03 Created: 2018-12-03 Last updated: 2019-01-14Bibliographically approved

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Herlitz, JohanAxelsson, Christer

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