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Extern granskning av hållbarhetsrapporter: Vilka är motiven?
University of Borås, Faculty of Textiles, Engineering and Business.
University of Borås, Faculty of Textiles, Engineering and Business.
2018 (Swedish)Independent thesis Advanced level (professional degree), 20 credits / 30 HE creditsStudent thesis
Sustainable development
Sustainable Development/Sustainability is used as a subject keyword for the thesis
Alternative title
External review of sustainability reports : What are the motives? (English)
Abstract [sv]

Hållbarhet har varit föremål för debatt de senaste decennierna. Företag har i olika stor utsträckning hängt med och anpassat sig till utvecklingen, fler och fler väljer att hållbarhetsrapportera. Med tiden kommer alltfler krav från samhället som företagen anpassar sig efter och en relativt ny trend som går att urskilja är den om extern granskning av hållbarhetsrapporter. Plötsligt räcker det inte längre med att enbart hållbarhetsrapportera utan det ska dessutom finnas en tredjepartsgranskning. Det vi kan se är att allt fler börsnoterade bolag låter hållbarhetsrapporten granskas av en extern part. Syftet med denna studie är att studera varför börsnoterade bolag på OMX Nasdaq Stockholm, som hållbarhetsrapporterar enligt GRI, låter sina hållbarhetsrapporter bli granskade av en extern part. Studien är av kvalitativ karaktär och består av åtta semistrukturerade intervjuer. Respondenterna valdes ut med utgångspunkt i att de ska vara ansvariga för hållbarhetsrapporteringen i bolagen vilken har utvecklats i enlighet med GRI:s riktlinjer. Studien visar att legitimitetsteorin, intressentteorin och den institutionella teorin kan förklara varför de börsnoterade bolagen i studien låter hållbarhetsrapporten granskas av en extern part. De svar som respondenterna har givit har bekräftats av teorierna. I studien kunde vi se att majoriteten av bolagen motiverar den externa granskningen på liknande vis. Trovärdighet, transparens och kvalitet är de faktorer som framstår som de största anledningarna till extern granskning. En annan slutsats som kan dras är att många av de studerade bolagen motiverar den externa granskningen med att intressenter värdesätter detta vilket leder till att många bolag väljer tredjepartsgranskning. Avslutningsvis framkommer det även att den externa granskningen av hållbarhetsrapporten inte enbart bidrar med något externt utan även internt i form av interna förbättringsområden, vilket motiverar börsnoterade bolag i denna studien till att låta hållbarhetsrapporten granskas av en extern part.

Abstract [en]

Sustainability has been the subject of debate in recent decades. Many companies have more or less been involved in the development, and we have increasingly seen companies begin with sustainability reporting. Companies have more or less adapted to the development. More and more companies choose to report for sustainability. The demands from the society are increasing with time. Companies adapt to these demands and a relatively new trend that can be seen is the external review of sustainability reports. Suddenly, it is no longer sufficient to solely report sustainability, but there is also a need for a third party review. What we can see is that more and more listed companies allow their sustainability report to be reviewed by an external party. The aim of this study is to examine why listed companies on OMX Nasdaq Stockholm, of which report for sustainability in accordance with GRI, let their sustainability reports be externally reviewed by an external party. The study is qualitative in nature and contains eight semi-structured interviews. Respondents were selected on the basis that they should be responsible for sustainability reporting in the companies, of which has been developed in accordance with GRI guidelines. The study shows that legitimacy theory, stakeholder theory and institutional theory can explain why the listed companies in this study let their sustainability report be reviewed by an external party. The answers that the respondents have given have been confirmed by the theories. The study shows that the majority of companies motivate the external review in a similar manner. Credibility, transparency and quality are the factors that appear to be the main reasons for external reviewing. Another conclusion that can be drawn is that many companies motivate the external review with saying that stakeholders value it, which leads to many companies choosing third party review. Finally, it is also found that the external review of the sustainability report not only contributes with something externally but also internally in terms of internal improvement areas, which motivates the listed companies in this study to allow the sustainability report to be reviewed by an external party.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2018.
Keywords [en]
audit, external review, sustainability, sustainable development, legitimacy theory, institutional theory, stakeholder theory, GRI
Keywords [sv]
revision, extern granskning, hållbarhet, hållbar utveckling, legitimitetsteorin, institutionell teori, intressentteorin, GRI
National Category
Business Administration
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:hb:diva-14435OAI: oai:DiVA.org:hb-14435DiVA, id: diva2:1230184
Subject / course
Företagsekonomi - Civilekonom
Supervisors
Examiners
Available from: 2018-07-03 Created: 2018-07-03 Last updated: 2018-07-03Bibliographically approved

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Citation style
  • apa
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