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Quantifying shedding of synthetic fibers from textiles; a source ofmicroplastics released into the environment
University of Gothenburg.
University of Gothenburg.
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2017 (English)In: Environmental science and pollution research international, ISSN 0944-1344, E-ISSN 1614-7499, article id 10.1007/s11356-017-0528-7Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Sustainable development
The content falls within the scope of Sustainable Development
Abstract [en]

Microplastics in the environment are a subject of intense research as they pose a potential threat to marine organisms. Plastic fibers from textiles have been indicated as a major source of this type of contaminant, entering the oceans via wastewater and diverse non-point sources. Their presence is also documented in terrestrial samples. In this study, the amount of microfibers shedding from synthetic textiles was measured for three materials (acrylic, nylon, polyester), knit using different gauges and techniques. All textiles were found to shed, but polyester fleece fabrics shed the greatest amounts, averaging 7360 fibers/m−2/L−1 in one wash, compared with polyester fabrics which shed 87 fibers/m−2/L−1. We found that loose textile constructions shed more, as did worn fabrics, and high twist yarns are to be preferred for shed reduction. Since fiber from clothing is a potentially important source of microplastics, we suggest that smarter textile construction, prewashing and vacuum exhaustion at production sites, and use of more efficient filters in household washing machines could help mitigate this problem.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2017. article id 10.1007/s11356-017-0528-7
National Category
Oceanography, Hydrology and Water Resources
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:hb:diva-13502DOI: 10.1007/s11356-017-0528-7OAI: oai:DiVA.org:hb-13502DiVA, id: diva2:1174221
Available from: 2018-01-15 Created: 2018-01-15 Last updated: 2018-01-15Bibliographically approved

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Johansson, MatsPersson, Nils-Krister

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Faculty of Textiles, Engineering and Business
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Environmental science and pollution research international
Oceanography, Hydrology and Water Resources

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  • apa
  • harvard1
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  • vancouver
  • Other style
More styles
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  • de-DE
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  • en-US
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  • nn-NB
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  • Other locale
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Output format
  • html
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  • asciidoc
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