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Experiencing Support During Needle-Related Medical Procedures: A Hermeneutic Study With Young Children (3-7 Years)
University of Borås, Faculty of Caring Science, Work Life and Social Welfare.
University of Borås, Faculty of Caring Science, Work Life and Social Welfare.
Jönköping University.
University of Borås, Faculty of Caring Science, Work Life and Social Welfare.
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2016 (English)In: Journal of Pediatric Nursing: Nursing Care of Children and Families, ISSN 0882-5963, E-ISSN 1532-8449, Vol. 31, no 6, p. 667-677Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

Needle-related medical procedures (NRMPs) are something that all young children need to undergo at some point. These procedures may involve feelings of fear, pain and anxiety, which can cause problems later in life either when seeking healthcare in general or when seeking care specifically involving needles. More knowledge is needed about supporting children during these procedures.

AIM:

This study aims to explain and understand the meaning of the research phenomenon: support during NRMPs. The lived experiences of the phenomenon are interpreted from the perspective of younger children.

METHOD:

The analysis uses a lifeworld hermeneutic approach based on participant observations and interviews with children between 3 and 7years of age who have experienced NRMPs.

RESULTS:

The research phenomenon, support for younger children during NRMPs, is understood through the following themes: being the centre of attention, getting help with distractions, being pampered, becoming involved, entrusting oneself to the safety of adults and being rewarded. A comprehensive understanding is presented wherein younger children experience support from adults during NRMPs in order to establish resources and/or strengthen existing resources.

CONCLUSIONS:

The manner in which the child will be guided through the procedure is developed based on the child's reactions. This approach demonstrates that children are actively participating during NRMPs. Supporting younger children during NRMPs consists of guiding them through a shared situation that is mutually beneficial to the child, the parent and the nurse. Play during NRMP is an important tool that enables the support to be perceived as positive.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2016. Vol. 31, no 6, p. 667-677
Keywords [en]
Caring science, Lifeworld hermeneutic, Needle-related medical procedures, Reflective lifeworld research, Support, Younger children
National Category
Medical and Health Sciences
Research subject
Människan i vården
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:hb:diva-13262DOI: 10.1016/j.pedn.2016.06.004ISI: 000389587500015PubMedID: 27426015Scopus ID: 2-s2.0-84996483982OAI: oai:DiVA.org:hb-13262DiVA, id: diva2:1167468
Available from: 2017-12-18 Created: 2017-12-18 Last updated: 2017-12-20Bibliographically approved

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Karlsson, KatarinaDalheim Englund, Ann-CharlotteNyström, MariaRydström, Ingela

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Karlsson, KatarinaDalheim Englund, Ann-CharlotteNyström, MariaRydström, Ingela
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Journal of Pediatric Nursing: Nursing Care of Children and Families
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