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Reprocessing and Characterisation of High Density Polyethylene Reinforced with Carbon Nanotubes
University of Borås, Faculty of Textiles, Engineering and Business.
2017 (English)Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (Two Years)), 20 credits / 30 HE creditsStudent thesisAlternative title
Mekanisk återvinning och karaktärisering av högdensitetspolyeten armerad med kolnanorör (Swedish)
Abstract [sv]

Nanokomposit innehållande högdensitetspolyeten och kolnanorör återvanns och analyseradesför att undersöka hur materialets egenskaper påverkas av återvinning. Kompositenproducerades med 3 viktprocent kolnanorör och återvanns tio gånger genom att extrudera ochmala ner materialet. Analyser gjordes efter varje cykel av extrudering. Dessutom utfördessimulerade tester med kontinuerlig extrudering i 20, 100 och 200 minuter motsvarande 10, 50och 100 cykler. Därav kunde nedbrytningen av kompositen efter längre tids bearbetninganalyseras. I projektet studerades ett referensmaterial bestående av den rena polymeren för attkunna jämföra resultat. Karaktärisering av materialen för att bestämma mekaniska egenskapergjordes med dragprovning, böjningstest och slagprovning. För att undersöka termiskaegenskaper användes Differential Scanning Calorimetry (DSC) och Gel PermeationChromatography (GPC) användes för att hitta molekylviktsändringar. Fourier TransformInfrared Spectroscopy (FTIR) utfördes för att identifiera materialet. Resultaten visade ingenstörre skillnad i egenskaper efter tio återvinningscykler, vilket indikerade att materialet harförmåga att behålla sina egenskaper vid återvinning. I de simulerade cyklerna minskade denoxidativa induktionstiden efter 50 och 100 cykler, vilket berodde på att antioxidanterkonsumerats under bearbetningen. Efter 50 simulerade cykler hade molekylvikten börjat sjunkaoch efter 100 cykler kunde en signifikant minskning obseveras, vilket tydde på attpolymerkedjorna förkortats under bearbetningen. För kompositen däremot var molekylviktenstabil, på grund av att kolnanorören skyddade polymeren vid nedbrytning.

Abstract [en]

Nanocomposite containing High Density Polyethylene (HDPE) and Carbon Nanotubes (CNTs)was reprocessed and characterised to investigate the effect on properties during recycling. Thecomposite was prepared with 3 wt-% CNTs and was recycled ten times by alternatereprocessing and grinding and thereafter the material was characterised. Furthermore, simulatedcycles with continuous processing at 20, 100 and 200 minutes were conducted, representing 10,50 and 100 cycles respectively, in order to investigate the degradation after longer time ofprocessing. In both trials, a reference material containing neat HDPE was studied. Thecharacterisation of the materials produced was conducted using tensile, flexural and charpyimpact testing for investigation of mechanical properties. Differential Scanning Calorimetry(DSC) was used for determining the thermal behaviour and Gel Permeation Chromatography(GPC) to find molecular weight changes. Fourier Transform Infrared Spectroscopy (FTIR) wasused for identification of the material. The results showed no major difference in propertiesafter ten recycling steps, which indicated that the material had the ability to retain its propertiesduring recycling. In the simulated cycles, the oxidative induction time was decreased after 50and 100 cycles, meaning that antioxidants had been consumed during processing. After 50cycles the molecular weight for the reference material was slightly decreased and after 100cycles significantly decreased, indicating chain scission of the polymer chains. For thecomposite the molecular weight was stable, due to that the carbon nanotubes protect thepolymer matrix during degradation.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2017.
Keyword [en]
HDPE, mechanical recycling, carbon nanotubes, nanocomposites
National Category
Engineering and Technology
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:hb:diva-12853OAI: oai:DiVA.org:hb-12853DiVA: diva2:1148750
Subject / course
Resource Recovery
Available from: 2017-10-16 Created: 2017-10-12 Last updated: 2017-10-16Bibliographically approved

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