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Ekonomiska incitament till gröna investeringar inom rederisektorn
University of Borås, Faculty of Textiles, Engineering and Business.
2017 (Swedish)Independent thesis Basic level (university diploma), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesisAlternative title
Fiscal incentives for green investments in the shipping company sector (English)
Abstract [sv]

Miljöpåverkan blir ett allt större problem i dagens samhälle och mycket av den miljöpåverkan kommer från global transport av gods. För att minimera denna miljöpåverkan implementeras olika miljölagar för att tvinga fram en förändring men det har visat sig att regelverken inte räcker till. Därför krävs ekonomiska incitament som genom finansiella drivkrafter ska motivera företag till gröna investeringar som leder till mindre påverkan på miljön. Denna uppsats har studerat miljöpolicy inom väg-, tåg och sjötransport för att undersöka vilka ekonomiska incitament som står till buds inom transportsektorn. Därefter genomfördes en enkätstudie inom sjötransport där rederier fick gradera de identifierade ekonomiska incitamenten i hur viktiga de var och hur stor påverkan de hade på beslut inom företagen kring gröna investeringar. Detta gjordes i avsikt att identifiera vilka ekonomiska incitament inom rederisektorn som är effektiva och som kan främja gröna investeringar. Enkäten undersökte 6 olika typer av ekonomiska incitament inom rederisektorn: miljöcertifiering, miljölagar, offentliga investeringar i grön infrastruktur, investeringsbidrag från myndigheter, miljörabatter och miljöindex. Det visade sig att alla de undersökta ekonomiska incitamenten främjade gröna investeringar men i olika grad. Studien visade att rederierna verkade ha en mer positiv inställning till incitament med direkt finansiell påverkan och en mindre positiv inställning till incitament med en indirekt finansiell påverkan. I enkäten graderades miljölagar till att vara mest viktig och ha störst påverkan medan miljöindexen var minst viktiga och hade minst påverkan.

Abstract [en]

Environmental impact from transport of goods is a growing problem in today’s society. Environmental laws are implemented to minimize this impact and to force change in the industry but it has become clear that these laws are not enough to reach environmental goals set by different governments. Fiscal incentives are therefore implemented to, through economical forces, motivate companies to make green investments that minimize their environmental impact. This paper has studied environmental policies in the road transport sector, railway sector and the shipping sector to examine what kinds of fiscal incentives are being used in the transport sector. A survey study in the shipping sector was conducted where shipping companies was asked to grade the identified fiscal incentives in importance and influence on decisions concerning green investments. This was done with the purpose to identify which fiscal incentives in the shipping sector that can promote green investments. The survey examined 6 different types of fiscal incentives in the shipping sector: environmental certification, environmental laws, public investments in green infrastructure, governmental subsidies, environmental discounts and environmental indices. The study shows that all the examined fiscal incentives can promote green investments but to different degree. The study also shows that the shipping companies had a more positive attitude towards incentives with a direct financial impact and a less positive attitude to those with an indirect financial impact. The shipping companies graded environmental laws and environmental discounts as being the most important and having the greatest influence on decisions concerning green investments and environmental indices as being the least important and having the least influence.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2017.
Keyword [en]
Fiscal incentives, environmental regulation, transport, shipping
Keyword [sv]
Ekonomiska incitament, miljölagar, transport, sjöfart
National Category
Other Engineering and Technologies not elsewhere specified
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:hb:diva-12654OAI: oai:DiVA.org:hb-12654DiVA: diva2:1142878
Subject / course
Industriell ekonomi
Supervisors
Examiners
Available from: 2017-10-13 Created: 2017-09-20 Last updated: 2017-10-13Bibliographically approved

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CiteExportLink to record
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Citation style
  • apa
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  • sv-SE
  • Other locale
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Output format
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