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Arbetsmarknadens parters syn på arbetstidsförkortning: En kvalitativ studie om hur sex representanter för svenska arbetsmarknadens parter ser på arbetstidsförkortning
University of Borås, Faculty of Caring Science, Work Life and Social Welfare.
2017 (Swedish)Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (One Year)), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
Sustainable development
Sustainable Development/Sustainability is used as a subject keyword for the thesis
Alternative title
Social partners view the labor market (English)
Abstract [sv]

Denna studie har gjorts för att se hur sex representanter för arbetsmarknadens parter ser på arbetstidsförkortning och vilka värderingar som ligger till grund för deras synsätt men även synen på arbetstidsförkortning i relation till förslitningsskador, arbetslöshet, medlemmarnas preferenser samt den ekologiska hållbarheten.

Tidigare forskning som har gjorts kring arbetstidsförkortning visar på att majoriteten av arbetstagarna vill ha arbetstidsförkortning hellre än högre lön. Men även arbetstidsförkortning i relation till den ekologiska hållbarheten tar forskarna upp som en viktig del. Flera av forskarna menar på att arbetstidsförkortning genererar välmående hos individen samt att livspusslet är något som underlättas för individen med kortare arbetstid.

Intervjuer har gjort med Svenskt Näringsliv, Tjänstemannaorganisationen samt Landsorganisationen. Vidare även med Unionen och Teknikföretagarna på central nivå samt IF Metall på lokal nivå. Uppsatsens teorier är teorin om instrumentella rationalismen, teorin om den kommunikativa rationalismen, konflikt och maktresursteorin samt teorin om spårbundenheten. Resultat har visat på att representanterna för arbetsmarknadens parter strider för sina medlemmars intresse vilka vill ha högre lön och inte kortare arbetstid, något som står i kontrast till tidigare forskning. Om medlemmarna velat ha kortare arbetstid hade parterna förhandlat om det, menar representanterna. Resultatet visar även att arbetsmarknadens parter inte anser att arbetstidsförkortning skulle vara till hjälp vid förslitningsskador eller arbetslöshet som de istället anser kan lösas på andra vis. Den ekologiska hållbarheten var något parterna inte ansåg låg på deras bord, men vid personliga svar hade representanterna åsikter om den ekologiska hållbarheten. Uppsatsens resultat diskuteras i diskussionsdelen.

Abstract [en]

This study has been conducted to see how six representatives of the social partners look at working hours shortening and the values ​​that underpin their approach, but also the view of working time shortening in relation to wear and tear, unemployment, members' preferences and ecological sustainability.

Previous research that has been done about working time shortening shows that the majority of employees want a shortage of working hours rather than higher pay. But also the reduction of working time in relation to ecological sustainability takes the researchers as an important part. Several researchers argue that working time shortening generates well-being in the individual and that the life expectancy is something that is facilitated for the individual with shorter working hours.

Interviews have been conducted with the Swedish Enterprise, Officials and the National Organization, but also the Union and Technology companies at central level and IF Metall at local level. The theories of the essay are the theory of instrumental rationalism, the theory of communicative rationalism, conflict and power theory and the theory of traceability. Results have shown that the social partners 'representatives are fighting for their members' interests, who want higher pay and no shorter working hours, which contrasts with previous research. If the members wanted shorter working hours, the parties had negotiated it, the representatives said. Results have shown that the social partners 'representatives are fighting for their members' interests who want higher pay and no shorter working hours, which contrasts with previous research. If the members had a shorter working time, the parties had negotiated it, the representatives said. Resultatet also shows that the social partners do not consider that reduction in working hours would be helpful in the event of wear and tear injury or unemployment which they instead consider to be solved in other ways. he ecological sustainability where any parties were not considered lay on their tables, but in personal responses, representatives had opinions about ecological sustainability. The result of the study is discussed in the discussion section

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2017.
Keyword [sv]
arbetstidsförkortning, arbetsmarknadens parter, social hållbarhet, förslitningsskador, ekonomisk hållbarhet, ekologisk hållbarhet
National Category
Production Engineering, Human Work Science and Ergonomics
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:hb:diva-12588OAI: oai:DiVA.org:hb-12588DiVA: diva2:1142161
Subject / course
Occupational Science
Supervisors
Examiners
Available from: 2017-10-05 Created: 2017-09-18 Last updated: 2017-10-05Bibliographically approved

Open Access in DiVA

A-M2017:1(379 kB)13 downloads
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Type fulltextMimetype application/pdf

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Faculty of Caring Science, Work Life and Social Welfare
Production Engineering, Human Work Science and Ergonomics

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  • apa
  • harvard1
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