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Effect of liquid immersion of PEDOT:PSS-coated polyester fabric on surface resistance and wettability
University of Borås, Faculty of Textiles, Engineering and Business. (Textile Materials Technology)ORCID iD: 0000-0002-0781-319X
University of Borås, Faculty of Textiles, Engineering and Business. (Textile Materials Technology)ORCID iD: 0000-0002-4369-9304
2017 (English)In: Smart materials and structures (Print), ISSN 0964-1726, E-ISSN 1361-665X, Vol. 26, 1-7 p., 065016Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Sustainable development
The publication has keywords that indicate "Sustainable Development"
Abstract [en]

Coating of textile fabrics with poly (3, 4-ethylenedioxythiophene): poly (styrene sulfonate) (PEDOT:PSS) is one of the methods used for obtaining functional or smart applications. In this work, we prepared PEDOT:PSS polymer with certain additives such as polyethylene glycol (PEG), methanol (MeOH), and ethylene glycol (EG) on polyester fabric substrates by a simple immersion process. Surface resistance was measured and analyzed with analysis of variance to determine the coating parameters at 95% confidence level. Fourier Transform Infrared (FTIR) analysis and Scanning Electron Microscopy (SEM) study of the samples were performed. Contact angle and washing fastness measurements were conducted, to observe the wettability and washing fastness of the samples, respectively. Surface resistance values were decreased by a factor of 100, due to conductive enhancers. As the immersion time and temperature condition varies, surface resistance showed no difference, statistically. FTIR analysis supports the idea that the mechanism responsible for the conductivity enhancement is the partial replacement of PSS from PEDOT chain by forming a hydrogen bond with hydroxyl ion (OH) of the conductive enhancers. A SEM images showed that PEDOT:PSS is well distributed to the surface of the fabrics. Contact angle measurements showed morphology change in the samples. The conductivity was reasonably stable after 10 washing cycles. Altogether, an effective simple immersion of coated polyester fabric is presented to achieve functional textiles that offer a broad range of possible applications.

Coating of textile fabrics with poly (3, 4-ethylenedioxythiophene): poly (styrene sulfonate) (PEDOT:PSS) is one of the methods used for obtaining functional or smart applications. In this work, we prepared PEDOT:PSS polymer with certain additives such as polyethylene glycol (PEG), methanol (MeOH), and ethylene glycol (EG) on polyester fabric substrates by a simple immersion process. Surface resistance was measured and analyzed with analysis of variance to determine the coating parameters at 95% confidence level. Fourier Transform Infrared (FTIR) analysis and Scanning Electron Microscopy (SEM) study of the samples were performed. Contact angle and washing fastness measurements were conducted, to observe the wettability and washing fastness of the samples, respectively. Surface resistance values were decreased by a factor of 100, due to conductive enhancers. As the immersion time and temperature condition varies, surface resistance showed no difference, statistically. FTIR analysis supports the idea that the mechanism responsible for the conductivity enhancement is the partial replacement of PSS from PEDOT chain by forming a hydrogen bond with hydroxyl ion (OH) of the conductive enhancers. A SEM images showed that PEDOT:PSS is well distributed to the surface of the fabrics. Contact angle measurements showed morphology change in the samples. The conductivity was reasonably stable after 10 washing cycles. Altogether, an effective simple immersion of coated polyester fabric is presented to achieve functional textiles that offer a broad range of possible applications.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
UK: Institute of Physics (IOP), 2017. Vol. 26, 1-7 p., 065016
Keyword [en]
immersion, surface resistance, contact angle, polyethylene glycol, methanol
National Category
Engineering and Technology
Research subject
Textiles and Fashion (General)
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:hb:diva-12201OAI: oai:DiVA.org:hb-12201DiVA: diva2:1105943
Projects
Quality inspection and evaluation of functional or smart textile fabric surface by skin contact mechanics
Funder
A multiscale, cross‐disciplinary approach to the study of climate change effect on ecosystem services and biodiversity
Available from: 2017-06-05 Created: 2017-06-05 Last updated: 2017-06-05

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