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Preparation and Characterization of Biobased Thermoset Polymers from Renewable Resources and Their Use in Composites
University of Borås, Faculty of Textiles, Engineering and Business. (Polymer group)ORCID iD: 0000-0003-2325-7928
University of Borås, Faculty of Textiles, Engineering and Business. (Polymer group)ORCID iD: 0000-0002-7377-0765
University of Borås, Faculty of Textiles, Engineering and Business. (Polymer group)ORCID iD: 0000-0002-6596-8069
University of Borås, Faculty of Textiles, Engineering and Business. (Polymer group)
2017 (English)In: Handbook of Composites from Renewable Materials, Physico-Chemical and Mechanical Characterization / [ed] Vijay Kumar Thakur, Manju Kumari Thakur, Michael R. Kessler, Hoboken, New Jersey, USA: John Wiley & Sons, 2017, 425-457 p.Chapter in book (Refereed)
Sustainable development
The content falls within the scope of Sustainable Development
Abstract [en]

This chapter focuses on physicochemical and mechanical characterization of compositesmade from renewable materials. Most common renewable materials used in composites arenatural fibers and polymers based on starch or vegetable oil. The extent of using renewablematerials in biocomposites has increased during the past decade due to extensive research oncellulosic fibers and biobased polymers. Earlier, the research was focused on using the naturalfibers as reinforcement in crude oil-based polymers such as polypropylene. Later, the emphasisshifted to increase the amount of renewable components in the biocomposites which led tothe introductionof biobased resins in the composites. The properties of some biocompositesare today comparable to the properties for commercially available nonrenewable composites.Several plant biofibers have been used as reinforcement in biobased thermoplastics or thermosetsto manufacture biocomposites. Material characterization is important to understand theperformance of these composites under specific environment. Detailed discussion about themechanical and physicochemical characterization is provided in this chapter. Physicochemicalcharacterization includes chemical composition, density, viscosity, molecular weight, meltingtemperature, crystallinity,morphology, wettability, surface tension, water binding capacity,electricalconductivity, flammability, thermal stability, and swelling. Mechanical characterizationincludes tensile, flexural, impact, compressive, shear, toughness, hardness, brittleness, ductility,creep, fatigue, and dynamic mechanical analysis.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Hoboken, New Jersey, USA: John Wiley & Sons, 2017. 425-457 p.
Keyword [en]
Renewable materials, physicochemical properties, mechanical properties, biocomposites, biopolymers, natural fiber
National Category
Engineering and Technology Environmental Engineering Polymer Technologies
Research subject
Resource Recovery
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:hb:diva-11889ISBN: 978-1-119-22366-5 (print)ISBN: 9781119224235 (electronic)OAI: oai:DiVA.org:hb-11889DiVA: diva2:1071312
Available from: 2017-02-03 Created: 2017-02-03 Last updated: 2017-02-24Bibliographically approved

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