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Recycling of L-Poly-(lactide)-Poly-(butylene-succinate)-flax biocomposite
University of Borås, Faculty of Textiles, Engineering and Business. (Resursåtervinning)ORCID iD: 0000-0002-7377-0765
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2016 (English)In: Polymer degradation and stability, ISSN 0141-3910, E-ISSN 1873-2321, Vol. 128, 77-88 p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

The development of new plant fibre composites is a key point in the development of semi-structural biodegradable or biobased parts, especially for automotive applications. The aim of this original and innovating work is to study, at different scales, the recycling ability of a fully biodegradable L-Poly-(lactide)-Poly-(butylene-succinate)-flax (PLLA-PBS-flax) biocomposite. The biocomposites were manufactured by twin-screw extrusion followed by injection moulding, then the recycling behaviour was studied during successive injection moulding cycles. Firstly, we investigated the length of the flax fibre after compounding and injection, as well as the cell wall stiffness and hardness, by in-situ nanoindentation tests. Secondly, we focused on the effects of recycling on thermal, rheological and tensile properties. We highlighted a severe evolution of the cell wall properties, especially concerning the polysaccharidic matrix after the first thermal cycle, nanoindentation properties remaining quasi-stable after this first drop. Furthermore, the biocomposites did not show any significant evolution of their mechanical performances during cycle three or four of the first injection cycles; after this plateau, the tensile strength and strain as well as impact energy were significantly altered due to the conjugated fibre length decrease and degradation of the PLLA, the latter being emphasized when the flax fibre is embedded. Nevertheless, this fully biodegradable composite exhibits a suitable recycling behaviour for 3 or 4 cycles, which is sufficient for industrial applications.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2016. Vol. 128, 77-88 p.
Keyword [en]
L-Poly-(lactide), Poly-(butylene-succinate), Flax fibre, Mechanical properties, Recycling, Fibre length, Nanoindentation
National Category
Polymer Technologies
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:hb:diva-11526DOI: 10.1016/j.polymdegradstab.2016.03.018ISI: 000376786400010ScopusID: 84961807606OAI: oai:DiVA.org:hb-11526DiVA: diva2:1060228
Available from: 2016-12-28 Created: 2016-12-28 Last updated: 2016-12-28Bibliographically approved

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Åkesson, DanSkrifvars, Mikael
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CiteExportLink to record
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