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A Review of Natural Fibers Used in Biocomposites: Plant, Animal and Regenerated Cellulose Fibers
Högskolan i Borås, Akademin för textil, teknik och ekonomi. (Polymer Group)
Högskolan i Borås, Akademin för textil, teknik och ekonomi. (Polymer Group)
Högskolan i Borås, Akademin för textil, teknik och ekonomi. (Polymer Group)
2015 (engelsk)Inngår i: Polymer Reviews, ISSN 1558-3724, Vol. 55, nr 1, s. 107-162Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert) Published
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Abstract [en]

Natural fibers today are a popular choice for applications in composite manufacturing. Based on the sustainability benefits, biofibers such as plant fibers are replacing synthetic fibers in composites. These fibers are used to manufacture several biocomposites. The chemical composition and properties of each of the fibers changes, which demands the detailed comparison of these fibers. The reinforcement potential of natural fibers and their properties have been described in numerous papers. Today, high performance biocomposites are produced from several years of research. Plant fibers, particularly bast and leaf, find applications in automotive industries. While most of the other fibers are explored in lab scales they have not yet found large-scale commercial applications. It is necessary to also consider other fibers such as ones made from seed (coir) and animals (chicken feather) as they are secondary or made from waste products. Few plant fibers such as bast fibers are often reviewed briefly but other plant and animal fibers are not discussed in detail. This review paper discusses all the six types of plant fibers such as bast, leaf, seed, straw, grass, and wood, together with animal fibers and regenerated cellulose fibers. Additionally, the review considers developments dealing with natural fibers and their composites. The fiber source, extraction, availability, type, composition, and mechanical properties are discussed. The advantages and disadvantages of using each biofiber are discussed. Three fabric architectures such as nonwoven, woven and knitted have been briefly discussed. Finally, the paper presents the overview of the results from the composites made from each fiber with suitable references for in-depth studies.

sted, utgiver, år, opplag, sider
Taylor & Francis, 2015. Vol. 55, nr 1, s. 107-162
Emneord [en]
Natural fiber composite, Biocomposite, Plant Fiber, Animal Fiber, Bast Fiber, Leaf Fiber, Polymer Composites, Natural fiber composites, Sustainable materials, biomaterials
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URN: urn:nbn:se:hb:diva-2061DOI: 10.1080/15583724.2014.971124ISI: 000349154000004Scopus ID: 2-s2.0-84922058431Lokal ID: 2320/14734OAI: oai:DiVA.org:hb-2061DiVA, id: diva2:870142
Tilgjengelig fra: 2015-11-13 Laget: 2015-11-13 Sist oppdatert: 2018-11-26bibliografisk kontrollert

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Ramamoorthy, Sunil KumarSkrifvars, MikaelPersson, Anders

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