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Gender influences on caring, dignity and well‐being in older person care: A systematic literature review and thematic synthesis
University of Borås, Faculty of Caring Science, Work Life and Social Welfare. Department of Caring Science, Faculty of Caring Science, Work Life and Social Welfare University of Borås Borås Sweden.ORCID iD: 0000-0002-2663-5376
University of Borås, Faculty of Caring Science, Work Life and Social Welfare. Department of Caring Science, Faculty of Caring Science, Work Life and Social Welfare University of Borås Borås Sweden.ORCID iD: 0000-0003-4719-5610
University of Borås, Faculty of Caring Science, Work Life and Social Welfare. Department of Caring Science, Faculty of Caring Science, Work Life and Social Welfare University of Borås Borås Sweden.ORCID iD: 0000-0002-4319-4584
School of Nursing and Midwifery Birmingham City University Birmingham UK.ORCID iD: 0000-0002-9355-8059
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2023 (English)In: Nursing Philosophy, ISSN 1466-7681, E-ISSN 1466-769XArticle in journal (Refereed) Epub ahead of print
Abstract [en]

Globally, healthcare has become dominated by women nurses. Gender is also known to impact the way people are cared for in various healthcare systems. Considering gender from the perspective of how lived bodies are positioned through the structural relations of institutions and processes, this systematic review aims to explore the meaning of gender in the caring relationship between the nurse and the older person through a synthesis of available empirical data published from 1993 to 2022. CINAHL, PUBMED, EMBASE and Web of Science were searched from the beginning of each database's temporal range, and PRISMA guidelines were used for the screening, reviewing and selection processes of available records. A thematic synthesis of the available data resulted in three analytical themes: (i) vulnerability of the gendered body, (ii) norms and values related to gender and sexuality and (iii) balancing closeness and distance in the nurse-patient relationship. These themes are intertwined and represent different aspects of gender meaning in the nurse–patient relationship. This research shows that gender, through its influence on the gendered body, its relationship with power dynamics in the caring process, and its intersection with dimensions of identity, has a significant meaning for the experienced vulnerability in the nurse–patient relationship. This has implications for the well-being and sense of dignity of the older person as well as the nurse. 

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2023.
Keywords [en]
gender, nurses, older people, patients, qualitative research methods, relationships
National Category
Nursing
Research subject
The Human Perspective in Care
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:hb:diva-30719DOI: 10.1111/nup.12467ISI: 001089114800001Scopus ID: 2-s2.0-85175373584OAI: oai:DiVA.org:hb-30719DiVA, id: diva2:1810211
Funder
EU, Horizon 2020, 813928Available from: 2023-11-07 Created: 2023-11-07 Last updated: 2024-02-01Bibliographically approved

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Xiarchi, LampriniNässén, KristinaPalmér, LinaLindberg, Elisabeth

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