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Developing rights-based standards for children having tests, treatments, examinations and interventions: using a collaborative, multi-phased, multi-method and multi-stakeholder approach to build consensus
Edge Hill University, Ormskirk, United Kingdom.
Edge Hill University, Ormskirk, United Kingdom.
Edge Hill University and Alder Hey Children’s Hospital, Liverpool, United Kingdom.
University of Liverpool, Liverpool, United Kingdom.
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2023 (English)In: European Journal of Pediatrics, ISSN 0340-6199, E-ISSN 1432-1076Article in journal (Refereed) Epub ahead of print
Abstract [en]

Children continue to experience harm when undergoing clinical procedures despite increased evidence of the need to improve the provision of child-centred care. The international ISupport collaboration aimed to develop standards to outline and explain good procedural practice and the rights of children within the context of a clinical procedure. The rights-based standards for children undergoing tests, treatments, investigations, examinations and interventions were developed using an iterative, multi-phased, multi-method and multi-stakeholder consensus building approach. This consensus approach used a range of online and face to face methods across three phases to ensure ongoing engagement with multiple stakeholders. The views and perspectives of 203 children and young people, 78 parents and 418 multi-disciplinary professionals gathered over a two year period (2020–2022) informed the development of international rights-based standards for the care of children having tests, treatments, examinations and interventions. The standards are the first to reach international multi-stakeholder consensus on definitions of supportive and restraining holds.

Conclusion: This is the first study of its kind which outlines international rights-based procedural care standards from multi-stakeholder perspectives. The standards offer health professionals and educators clear evidence-based tools to support discussions and practice changes to challenge prevailing assumptions about holding or restraining children and instead encourage a focus on the interests and rights of the child.

What is Known:

• Children continue to experience short and long-term harm when undergoing clinical procedures despite increased evidence of the need to improve the provision of child-centred care.

• Professionals report uncertainty and tensions in applying evidence-based practice to children’s procedural care. What is New:

• This is the first study of its kind which has developed international rights-based procedural care standards from multi-stakeholder perspectives.

• The standards are the first to reach international multi-stakeholder consensus on definitions of supportive and restraining holds.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Springer Nature , 2023.
Keywords [en]
Child rights, Children, Consensus, Procedures, Restraint
National Category
Pediatrics
Research subject
The Human Perspective in Care
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:hb:diva-30357DOI: 10.1007/s00431-023-05131-9ISI: 001050033400001PubMedID: 37566281Scopus ID: 2-s2.0-85167660642OAI: oai:DiVA.org:hb-30357DiVA, id: diva2:1789884
Available from: 2023-08-21 Created: 2023-08-21 Last updated: 2023-10-18

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Darcy, LauraKarlsson, Katarina

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