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Phosphorus recovery methods from secondary resources, assessment of overall benefits and barriers with focus on the Nordic countries
Water, Energy and Environmental Engineering Research Unit, Faculty of Technology, University of Oulu, 90014, Oulu, Finland.
Högskolan i Borås, Akademin för textil, teknik och ekonomi. Swedish Centre for Resource Recovery.
Water, Energy and Environmental Engineering Research Unit, Faculty of Technology, University of Oulu, 90014, Oulu, Finland.
Water, Energy and Environmental Engineering Research Unit, Faculty of Technology, University of Oulu, 90014, Oulu, Finland.
2023 (Engelska)Ingår i: Journal of Material Cycles and Waste Management, ISSN 1438-4957, E-ISSN 1611-8227Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat) Published
Abstract [en]

Phosphorus (P) recovery and recycling play a crucial role in improving resource efficiency, sustainable nutrient management and moving toward circular economy. Increasing demand for fertilizers, signs of geopolitical constraints, and high discharge of P to waterbodies are the other reasons to pursue the circularity of P. Various research have been carrying out and several processes have been developed for P-recovery from different resources. However, there is still a huge unexplored potential for P-recovery specially in the regional framework from the four main P-rich waste resources: food waste, manure, mining waste, and sewage sludge. This study reviews recovery methods of P from these secondary resources comprehensively. Additionally, it analyzes the Nordic viewpoint of P-cycle by evaluating Nordic reserves, demands, and secondary resources to gain a systematic assessment of how Nordic countries could move toward circular economy of P. Results of this study show that secondary resources of P in Nordic countries have the potential of replacing mineral fertilizer in these countries to a considerable extent. However, to overcome the challenges of P-recovery from studied resources, policymakers and researchers need to take decisions and make innovation along each other to open the new possibilities for Nordic economy.

Ort, förlag, år, upplaga, sidor
Springer , 2023.
Nyckelord [en]
Circular economy, Critical raw material, Nordic countries, Phosphorous, Recycling, Fertilizers, Mineral resources, Minerals, Phosphorus, Critical raw materials, Overall benefit, Phosphorus recovery, Recovery methods, Resource assessments, Secondary resources, Sewage sludge
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Miljövetenskap
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URN: urn:nbn:se:hb:diva-30263DOI: 10.1007/s10163-023-01747-zISI: 001023876900001Scopus ID: 2-s2.0-85164500483OAI: oai:DiVA.org:hb-30263DiVA, id: diva2:1787847
Tillgänglig från: 2023-08-15 Skapad: 2023-08-15 Senast uppdaterad: 2024-02-01Bibliografiskt granskad

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