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Finola hemp: Fibre extraction from crops intended for grain-production
University of Borås, Faculty of Textiles, Engineering and Business. (advanced textile structure)ORCID iD: 0000-0002-0507-9606
University of Borås, Faculty of Textiles, Engineering and Business. (Advanced textile structures)ORCID iD: 0000-0002-1286-7053
2023 (English)Conference paper, Poster (with or without abstract) (Refereed)
Sustainable development
According to the author(s), the content of this publication falls within the area of sustainable development.
Abstract [en]

This work reports the mechanical extraction process of Finola hemp fibres from the agri-waste of the food industry. FINOLA is a breed of hemp that is grown in cold climates for grain production, including EU countries. However, after harvest, the residual stalks of these plants are considered low-value waste by-products. In this paper, we aim at optimizing the methodology to extracting the short fibres from these agri-waste residue of FINOLA hemp, and to use them to produce higher-value technical textiles that can be used in many industries, such as construction and automotive, as an alternative to fossil-based fibres. Mechanical extraction, with a multiple-step process had been developed for this residue. The obtained fibres showed the potential of use as a material to produce nonwovens from 100% hemp or hemp blends with other fibres. This process is foreseen to increase the efficiency of this agricultural resource and contribute to circular economy and sustainability of textile sector.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2023.
Keywords [en]
hemp fiber, waste, nonwoven, technical textile
National Category
Engineering and Technology
Research subject
Textiles and Fashion (General)
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:hb:diva-30101OAI: oai:DiVA.org:hb-30101DiVA, id: diva2:1784505
Conference
6th INTERNATIONAL CONFERENCE ON NATURAL FIBERS ICNF
Projects
Bio-based residual streams with potential in the technical textile industry
Funder
Vinnova, 2021-03719Available from: 2023-07-26 Created: 2023-07-26 Last updated: 2023-08-10Bibliographically approved

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Kahoush, MayKadi, Nawar

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CiteExportLink to record
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  • ieee
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Output format
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