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Climate change impact of food distribution: The case of reverse logistics for bread in Sweden
Swedish University of Agricultural Sciences, Department of Energy and Technology, Uppsala, Sweden.
Swedish University of Agricultural Sciences, Department of Energy and Technology, Uppsala, Sweden.
Högskolan i Borås, Akademin för textil, teknik och ekonomi. (Swedish Centre for Resource Recovery)ORCID-id: 0000-0002-0743-1335
Swedish University of Agricultural Sciences, Department of Energy and Technology, Uppsala, Sweden.
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2023 (engelsk)Inngår i: Sustainable Production and Consumption, ISSN 2352-5509, Vol. 36, s. 386-396Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert) Published
Abstract [en]

Efficient and purposeful transport of food, from primary production to waste management, is essential to drive the necessary transition towards sustainable production and consumption of food within planetary boundaries. This is particularly the case for bread, one of the most frequently wasted food items in Europe. In Sweden, bread is often sold under a take-back agreement where bakeries are responsible for transportation up to the supermarket shelf and for the collection of unsold products. This provides an opportunity for reverse logistics, but creates a risk of inefficient transport that could reduce the environmental benefits of prevention and valorization of surplus bread. This study assessed the climate change impact of bread transport in Sweden and evaluated the impact of alternative food transport pathways. Life cycle assessment revealed the climate change impact of conventional bread transport, from bakery gate to waste management, to be on average 49.0 g CO2e per kg bread with 68 % deriving from long-distance transport, 26 % from short-distance delivery, and 6 % from waste transport. Evaluation of alternative bread transport pathways showed the highest climate savings with a collaborative transport approach that also reduced the need for small vehicles and decreased transport distances. The overall contribution of waste transport to the total climate impact of food transport was low for all scenario routes analyzed, suggesting that food waste management facilitating high-value recovery and valorization could be prioritized without increasing the climate impact due to longer transport. It has been claimed that conventional take-back agreements are responsible for most of the climate change impact related to bread transport, but we identified long distances between bakeries and retailers as the main contributor to transport climate impacts. © 2023 The Authors

sted, utgiver, år, opplag, sider
2023. Vol. 36, s. 386-396
Emneord [en]
Food transport, Life cycle assessment (LCA), Resource recovery, Take-back agreement, Transport emissions, Valorization
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Resursåtervinning
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URN: urn:nbn:se:hb:diva-29459DOI: 10.1016/j.spc.2023.01.018ISI: 000934270800001Scopus ID: 2-s2.0-85147798037OAI: oai:DiVA.org:hb-29459DiVA, id: diva2:1738073
Tilgjengelig fra: 2023-02-20 Laget: 2023-02-20 Sist oppdatert: 2024-02-01bibliografisk kontrollert

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