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Representational work and ‘reverse order’ essentialism: Digitisation of local information in Thailand and Bhabha’s Third Space
Högskolan i Borås, Akademin för bibliotek, information, pedagogik och IT. University of Borås, Sweden;University of Borås, Sweden. (Information Practices; Knowledge Infrastructures)ORCID-id: 0000-0001-5523-0282
Högskolan i Borås, Akademin för bibliotek, information, pedagogik och IT. University of Borås, Sweden. (Information Practices)ORCID-id: 0000-0002-4910-0526
2022 (Engelska)Ingår i: Journal of Librarianship and Information Science, ISSN 0961-0006, E-ISSN 1741-6477, Vol. 55, nr 2, s. 515-530Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat) Published
Abstract [en]

The Local Information Working Group (LIWG) of Thailand’s provincial university libraries holds main responsibility for digitising Thai local information (LI), a resource that shares many characteristics with what in other contexts is described as Indigenous and local knowledge (ILK). This study therefore explores how the digitisation activities of the LIWG correlate with claims of culturally responsive and responsible ILK representation, and how this work can be understood through the perspective of Bhabha’s Third Space. The study is based on interviews with 23 LIWG members, collected in 2016–2017. A guided, qualitative content analysis focused on uncovering themes of digitisation tools and methods with Third Space relevance as supporting or hindering essentialism, fixity and hybridity in LI representations. The findings illustrate that whereas the digitisation itself, field studies, language choices and outreach activities offer certain Third Space potential, this is underdeveloped and largely circumstantial. Third Space potentials are further likely to be restricted or hindered by uneven distribution of internet access, digital literacy, standard Thai proficiency and university/academic library accessibility among the Thai public in general and LI holders in particular. Overall, marginalised groups are excluded, and LI holders are positioned as passive contributors and recipients of digitised LI, suggesting a reversed sort of ‘self-essentialism’ on behalf of the dominant culture. In conclusion, two aspects in particular require further attention for libraries engaging with digitisation of ILK types of resources: the inclusion of national, societal level participation into participatory approaches; and the incorporation of functionalities for user interaction, holistic knowledge representation, multiple languages and cultural protocols into ICT for representation and use. The study provides a unique application of Third Space as analytical perspective on library digitisation of LI/ILK types of resources. Methodologically, the study is case specific, limited to a cross-section in time, and to data from interview accounts of LIWG members.

Ort, förlag, år, upplaga, sidor
Sage Publications, 2022. Vol. 55, nr 2, s. 515-530
Nyckelord [en]
academic libraries, hybridity, ICT, Indigenous and local knowledge (ILK), participation, postcolonial theory
Nationell ämneskategori
Biblioteks- och informationsvetenskap
Forskningsämne
Biblioteks- och informationsvetenskap
Identifikatorer
URN: urn:nbn:se:hb:diva-29194DOI: 10.1177/09610006221143100ISI: 000905599700001Scopus ID: 2-s2.0-85145202348OAI: oai:DiVA.org:hb-29194DiVA, id: diva2:1724712
Tillgänglig från: 2023-01-09 Skapad: 2023-01-09 Senast uppdaterad: 2023-10-16Bibliografiskt granskad

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Johansson, VeronicaNonthacumjane, Pussadee

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