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Adolescents' Suggestions on how to Support Their Sleep: A Focus Group Study
University of Borås, Faculty of Caring Science, Work Life and Social Welfare.ORCID iD: 0000-0002-7344-1515
University of Borås, Faculty of Caring Science, Work Life and Social Welfare.ORCID iD: 0000-0002-7117-9808
University of Borås, Faculty of Caring Science, Work Life and Social Welfare.
2022 (English)In: Journal of School Nursing, ISSN 1059-8405, E-ISSN 1546-8364Article in journal (Refereed) Epub ahead of print
Abstract [en]

Sleeping difficulties among adolescents constitute a pressing public health issue, and it is of the utmost importance that these are approached from a health-promotion perspective. This study explores adolescents' suggestions on how their sleep could be supported. Data were collected via eight focus group interviews with 43 adolescents aged 15-16, in Sweden, and analyzed using qualitative content analysis. The results describe the adolescents' suggestions on how their sleep could be supported in three themes: being supported by involved parents- routines, engagement, and warmth are vital; being supported to achieve knowledge on the "whys" and "hows" of sleep-increased knowledge gives the ability to make well-grounded sleep choices; and being guided into finding balance-balance in life is difficult to achieve and adolescents desire support. Parents, school nurses, health professionals, and anyone who has the opportunity to improve and promote sleep should consider adolescents' suggestions.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Sage Publications, 2022.
Keywords [en]
sleep, sleeping difficulties, adolescent, support, health-promotion, school nurse, parents, focus group, qualitative content analysis, EDUCATION, BEHAVIOR, SCHOOL
National Category
Nursing
Research subject
The Human Perspective in Care
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:hb:diva-27691DOI: 10.1177/10598405221084317ISI: 000769010200001Scopus ID: 2-s2.0-85126083119OAI: oai:DiVA.org:hb-27691DiVA, id: diva2:1647029
Available from: 2022-03-24 Created: 2022-03-24 Last updated: 2022-04-25Bibliographically approved
In thesis
1. ”Jag vill sova, men kan inte”: Ungdomars perspektiv på faktorer som försvårar och främjar deras sömn
Open this publication in new window or tab >>”Jag vill sova, men kan inte”: Ungdomars perspektiv på faktorer som försvårar och främjar deras sömn
2022 (Swedish)Doctoral thesis, comprehensive summary (Other academic)
Alternative title[en]
I want to sleep, but I can't" : Adolescents’ perspective on factors that impede and promote their sleep
Abstract [en]

Background: Sleeping difficulties have become increasingly prevalent among adolescents and have negative consequences on their health, well-being, and education.

Aim and methods: The overall aim of this thesis was to explore adolescents’ sleep and the factors that impede and promote their sleep. Study I describes the prevalence of self-reported sleep duration and sleeping difficulties and explores their associations with school stress, self-perception, and technology use among adolescents based on a questionnaire of n = 937 adolescents, aged 15–16. Study II describes reasons for sleeping difficulties as perceived by adolescents based on an open-ended question answered by n = 475 adolescents, aged 15–16. Study III illuminates adolescents’ lived experiences of sleeping difficulties based on narrative interviews with n = 16 adolescents, aged 14–15. Study IV explores adolescents’ suggestions on how their sleep could be supported, based on eight focus groups with n = 43 adolescents, aged 15–16.

Results: Fifty-five percent of the adolescents slept less than the recommended eight hours per night. School stress and technology use were associated with short sleep duration, whereas school stress and self-perception were associated with sleeping difficulties (I). Stress, technology use, poor sleep habits, existential thoughts, needs, and suffering were all perceived as reasons for sleeping difficulties (II). Having sleeping difficulties makes it challenging to go through the night and cope with the following day. It also implies a feeling of being trapped by circumstances (III). To improve sleep, adolescents suggested receiving support from involved parents, achieving knowledge about on the “whys” and “hows” of sleep, and being guided into finding balance (IV).

Conclusions: Sleeping difficulties affect adolescents’ daily lives and constitute a pressing health issue. In order to deal with sleeping difficulties, adolescents need to be encouraged to narrate their experiences and circumstances, be respectfully listened to and supported by their parents, school nurses, and other significant adults.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Borås: Högskolan i Borås, 2022. p. 144
Series
Skrifter från Högskolan i Borås, ISSN 0280-381X ; 126
Keywords
adolescent, sleep, sleeping difficulties, promote, support, health, parent, school nurse, caring science
National Category
Public Health, Global Health, Social Medicine and Epidemiology
Research subject
The Human Perspective in Care
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:hb:diva-27494 (URN)978-91-89271-58-6 (ISBN)978-91-89271-59-3 (ISBN)
Public defence
2022-05-20, C203, Allégatan 1, Borås, 13:00 (Swedish)
Opponent
Supervisors
Available from: 2022-04-25 Created: 2022-02-21 Last updated: 2022-04-25Bibliographically approved

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Jakobsson, MalinJosefsson, KarinHögberg, Karin

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