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Current status of global warming potential reduction by cleaner composting
College of Natural Resources and Environment, Northwest A&F University, Yangling, Shaanxi, PR China.
College of Natural Resources and Environment, Northwest A&F University, Yangling, Shaanxi, PR China.
College of Natural Resources and Environment, Northwest A&F University, Yangling, Shaanxi, PR China.
Centre for Innovation and Translational Research, CSIR-Indian Institute of Toxicology Research, Lucknow, India.
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2021 (Engelska)Ingår i: Energy and Environment, ISSN 0958-305X, E-ISSN 2048-4070, Vol. 32, nr 6, s. 1002-1028Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat) Published
Abstract [en]

The global living standards are currently undergoing a stage of growth; however, such improvement also brings some challenges. Global warming is the greatest threat to all living things and attracts more and more attention on a global scale due to the rapid development of economy. Carbon dioxide (CO2), methane (CH4), and nitrous oxide (N2O) are the common components of greenhouse gases, which contribute to the global warming. Mitigation technologies for these gas emissions are urgently needed in every industry for the aim of cleaner production. Traditional agriculture also contributes significantly to enhance the greenhouse gases emission. Composting is a novel and economic greenhouse gases mitigation strategy compared to other technologies in terms of the organic waste disposal. Some of the European countries showed an increase of more than 50% in the composting rate. The microbial respiration, nitrification and denitrification processes, and the generation of anaerobic condition makes the emission of greenhouse gases inevitable during composting. However, although there have been a lot of papers that focused on the reduction of greenhouse gases emission in composting, none of these has summarized the methods of reducing the emission of greenhouse gases during the composting. This review discusses the benefit of composting in greenhouse gases mitigation in the organic waste management and the current methods to improve mitigation efficiency during cleaner composting. Key physical, chemical, and biological parameters related to greenhouse gases mitigation strategies were precisely studied to give a deep understanding about the emission of greenhouse gases during cleaner composting. Furthermore, the mechanism of greenhouse gases emission mitigation strategies for cleaner composting based on various external measures would be helpful for the exploration of novel and effective mitigation strategies. © The Author(s) 2019.

Ort, förlag, år, upplaga, sidor
SAGE Publications Inc. , 2021. Vol. 32, nr 6, s. 1002-1028
Nyckelord [en]
cleaner composting, Global warming, greenhouse gases emission reduction, organic waste, Agricultural robots, Carbon dioxide, Emission control, Gas emissions, Greenhouse gases, Nitrogen oxides, Petroleum prospecting, Waste disposal, Anaerobic conditions, Biological parameter, Global warming potential, Greenhouse gases emissions, Microbial respiration, Mitigation efficiency, Nitrification and denitrification, Organic wastes, Waste treatment, carbon emission, composting, greenhouse gas, waste management, Europe
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Klimatforskning
Identifikatorer
URN: urn:nbn:se:hb:diva-27319DOI: 10.1177/0958305X19882417ISI: 000492621100001Scopus ID: 2-s2.0-85074759945OAI: oai:DiVA.org:hb-27319DiVA, id: diva2:1630128
Tillgänglig från: 2022-01-19 Skapad: 2022-01-19 Senast uppdaterad: 2022-09-14Bibliografiskt granskad

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Mukesh Kumar, Awasthi

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