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Limited need for hospital resources among patients brought to hospital by the emergency medical services
Göteborgs universitet.
Sahlgrenska universitetssjukhus.
Sahlgrenska universitetssjukhus.
University of Borås, Faculty of Caring Science, Work Life and Social Welfare.ORCID iD: 0000-0003-4139-6235
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2021 (English)In: BMC Emergency Medicine, ISSN 1471-227X, E-ISSN 1471-227X, Vol. 21, no 1, article id 156Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

Background: In Sweden, the majority of patients who are transported to hospital by the emergency medical services (EMS) are relatively old and the majority suffer from comorbidity. About half these patients are admitted to a hospital ward and will stay in hospital. However, the other half will only make a visit to the emergency department (ED). The burden on the ED is extensive and many elderly patients have to stay for many hours in the ED. Aim: To describe the patients who are brought to hospital by the EMS, with particular emphasis on those that were discharged from the ED, and to assess the proportion of these patients who did not require hospital resources, which could mean that they were candidates for primary care (PC). Methods: An observational analysis of a cohort of patients who were transported to hospital by the EMS in 2016 in the Municipality of Gothenburg. Results: In all, 5,326 patients were transported to hospital by the EMS of which 52% were discharged directly from the ED. These patients included 37% assessed as not requiring hospital resources. The three most common causes of contact with the EMS in this subset were abdominal pain (15%), back pain (8%) and non-specified disease (7%). Of these patients, 77% had contact with a physician in the ED, whereas 6% had contact with a nurse and 17% left the ED without any contact. Twenty-six per cent were given advice on follow-up in PC. Conclusions: Among patients who were brought to hospital by the EMS, more than half were discharged directly from the ED. Among these patients, 37% were assessed as not requiring hospital resources. These patients comprised 15% of the overall study cohort and may be candidates for primary care. © 2021, The Author(s).

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
BioMed Central Ltd , 2021. Vol. 21, no 1, article id 156
Keywords [en]
Emergency Department, Emergency Medical Service, Hospital Resources, abdominal pain, adult, aged, Article, backache, cohort analysis, emergency health service, emergency ward, female, follow up, health care utilization, hospital care, hospital discharge, human, major clinical study, male, nurse, observational study, patient transport, physician, primary medical care, Sweden, very elderly
National Category
Nursing
Research subject
The Human Perspective in Care
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:hb:diva-27136DOI: 10.1186/s12873-021-00549-6ISI: 000730549300005Scopus ID: 2-s2.0-85121341620OAI: oai:DiVA.org:hb-27136DiVA, id: diva2:1624221
Available from: 2022-01-03 Created: 2022-01-03 Last updated: 2022-09-14Bibliographically approved

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Herlitz, JohanAxelsson, Christer

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