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A critical review on the development stage of biorefinery systems towards the management of apple processing-derived waste
University of Borås, Faculty of Textiles, Engineering and Business. (Swedish Centre for Resource Recovery)
University of Borås, Faculty of Textiles, Engineering and Business. (Swedish Centre for Resource Recovery)
Department of Chemical and Biological Engineering, Korea University, Seoul, South Korea.
Key Laboratory of Basic Pharmacology and Joint International Research Laboratory of Ethnomedicine of Ministry of Education, Zunyi Medical University, Zunyi, Guizhou, China.
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2021 (English)In: Renewable & sustainable energy reviews, ISSN 1364-0321, E-ISSN 1879-0690, Renewable and Sustainable Energy Reviews, Vol. 143, article id 110972Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Sustainable development
According to the author(s), the content of this publication falls within the area of sustainable development.
Abstract [en]

Apple is among the most consumed fruits in the world and the expansion of their processing is increasing the generation of waste such as apple pomace. It finds some applications in food and feed systems, anaerobic digestion, and composting; however it most ends in landfills or in informal disposal. Therefore, waste management strategies that address this waste accumulation need to be explored. This review provides a state-of-art of valorization strategies adopted for recovery of value added products from apple processing-derived waste and discusses on their development stage. The research community has laid most of its efforts on incorporation of apple pomace into feed and food systems and in the development of pectin- and phenolics-extraction methods. Incorporation of apple pomace in feed and food systems is still negligible due to its low protein and high fiber contents. Therefore, coupling apple pomace with microbial conversion for nutritional upgrade could change this scenario. Some environmentally-friendly techniques have been developed for extraction of pectin and phenolics, but major developments are needed on their integration to attain tailored extraction of several compounds. Recovery of value added routes of apple pomace towards production of bio-chemicals are characterized by lack of deep research studies and of a holistic approach. Integrated approach with techno-economic analysis, life-cycle assessment, and inter-sectorial initiatives will possibly reveal the most promising valorization routes. 

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Elsevier, 2021. Vol. 143, article id 110972
Keywords [en]
Apple pomace, Biochemicals, Biorefineries, Value-added products, Waste management, Anaerobic digestion, Economic analysis, Extraction, Life cycle, Refining, Waste disposal, Biochemical, Critical review, Development stages, Feed systems, Food system, Phenolics, Valorisation, Value added products, Fruits
National Category
Bioprocess Technology
Research subject
Resource Recovery
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:hb:diva-25810DOI: 10.1016/j.rser.2021.110972ISI: 000637714400005Scopus ID: 2-s2.0-85102869180OAI: oai:DiVA.org:hb-25810DiVA, id: diva2:1578377
Available from: 2021-07-06 Created: 2021-07-06 Last updated: 2021-07-13Bibliographically approved

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Mukesh Kumar, AwasthiFerreira, JorgeTaherzadeh, Mohammad J

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