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Current research trends on micro- and nano-plastics as an emerging threat to global environment: A review
College of Natural Resources and Environment, Northwest A&F University, Yangling 712100, Shaanxi Province, PR China.
Institute of Biology, Freie Universität Berlin, Altensteinstr. 6, Berlin 14195, Germany.
Key Laboratory of Basic Pharmacology and Joint International Research Laboratory of Ethnomedicine of Ministry of Education, Zunyi Medical University, Zunyi, Guizhou, China.
College of Natural Resources and Environment, Northwest A&F University, Yangling 712100, Shaanxi Province, PR China.
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2021 (Engelska)Ingår i: Journal of Hazardous Materials, ISSN 0304-3894, E-ISSN 1873-3336, Vol. 409, artikel-id 124967Artikel, forskningsöversikt (Refereegranskat) Published
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Abstract [en]

Micro-and nano-plastics (MNPs) (size < 5 mm/<100 nm) epitomize one of the emergent environmental pollutants with its existence all around the globe. Their high persistence nature and release of chemicals/additives used in synthesis of plastics materials may pose cascading impacts on living organism across the globe. Natural connectivity of all the environmental compartments (terrestrial, aquatic, and atmospheric) leads to migration/dispersion of MNPs from one compartment to others. Nevertheless, the information on dispersion of MNPs across the environmental compartments and its possible impacts on living organisms are still missing. This review first acquaints with dispersion mechanisms of MNPs in the environment, its polymeric/oligomeric and chemical constituents and then emphasized its impacts on living organism. Based on the existing knowledge about the MNPs’ constituent and its potential impacts on the viability, development, lifecycle, movements, and fertility of living organism via several potential mechanisms, such as irritation, oxidative damage, digestion impairment, tissue deposition, change in gut microbial communities’ dynamics, impaired fatty acid metabolism, and molecular damage are emphasized. Finally, at the end, the review provided the challenges associated with remediation of plastics pollutions and desirable strategies, policies required along with substantial gaps in MNPs research were recommended for future studies.

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Elsevier, 2021. Vol. 409, artikel-id 124967
Nyckelord [en]
Chemicals and additives, Food chain, Health impact, Microplastics, Nano-plastics, Elastomers, Fatty acids, Life cycle, Plastics, Pollution, Chemical constituents, Dispersion mechanisms, Environmental compartment, Environmental pollutants, Fatty acid metabolism, Global environment, Microbial communities, Potential mechanism, Biology, chemical compound, drug additive, microplastic, monomer, nanoplastic, oligomer, organic compound, polymer, river water, plastic, additive, chemical composition, chemical pollutant, digestive system, fatty acid, literature review, microbial activity, microbial community, aquatic environment, Article, atmospheric transport, digestion, dispersion, environmental impact, environmental policy, fertility, forecasting, health impact assessment, human, intestine flora, life cycle assessment, microplastic pollution, migration, nonhuman, oligomerization, organisms, oxidative stress, polymerization, river ecosystem, sea, theoretical study, environmental monitoring, pollutant, toxicity, water pollutant, Environmental Pollution, Water Pollutants, Chemical
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URN: urn:nbn:se:hb:diva-25812DOI: 10.1016/j.jhazmat.2020.124967ISI: 000621665800002Scopus ID: 2-s2.0-85099830421OAI: oai:DiVA.org:hb-25812DiVA, id: diva2:1578366
Tillgänglig från: 2021-07-06 Skapad: 2021-07-06 Senast uppdaterad: 2021-07-08Bibliografiskt granskad

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Mukesh Kumar, AwasthiTaherzadeh, Mohammad J

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Mukesh Kumar, AwasthiTaherzadeh, Mohammad J
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Akademin för textil, teknik och ekonomi
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