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Improving Mechanical Textile Recycling by Lubricant Pre-Treatment to Mitigate Length Loss of Fibers
Högskolan i Borås, Akademin för textil, teknik och ekonomi. (Advanced textile Structures)ORCID-id: 0000-0001-5744-9800
Högskolan i Borås, Akademin för textil, teknik och ekonomi.
Högskolan i Borås, Akademin för textil, teknik och ekonomi.ORCID-id: 0000-0002-9935-8306
Högskolan i Borås, Akademin för textil, teknik och ekonomi.ORCID-id: 0000-0002-1286-7053
2020 (engelsk)Inngår i: Sustainability, E-ISSN 2071-1050, Vol. 12, nr 20Artikkel i tidsskrift (Fagfellevurdert) Published
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Abstract [en]

Although there has been some research on how to use short fibers from mechanically recycled textiles, little is known about how to preserve the length of recycled fibers, and thus maintain their properties. The aim of this study is to investigate whether a pre-treatment with lubricant could mitigate fiber length reduction from tearing. This could facilitate the spinning of a 100% recycled yarn. Additionally, this study set out to develop a new test method to assess the effect of lubricant loading. Inter-fiber cohesion was measured in a tensile tester on carded fiber webs. We used polyethylene glycol (PEG) 4000 aqueous solution as a lubricant to treat fibers and woven fabrics of cotton, polyester (PES), and cotton/polyester. Measurements of fiber length and percentage of unopened material showed the harshness and efficiency of the tearing process. Treatment with PEG 4000 decreased inter-fiber cohesion, reduced fiber length loss, and facilitated a more efficient tearing process, especially for PES. The study showed that treating fabric with PEG enabled rotor spinning of 100% recycled fibers. The inter-fiber cohesion test method suggested appropriate lubricant loadings, which were shown to mitigate tearing harshness and facilitate fabric disintegration in recycling.

sted, utgiver, år, opplag, sider
Basel: MDPI , 2020. Vol. 12, nr 20
Emneord [en]
textile recycling, yarn spinning, inter-fiber cohesion, lubricant, mechanical tearing
HSV kategori
Forskningsprogram
Textil och mode (generell)
Identifikatorer
URN: urn:nbn:se:hb:diva-24384DOI: 10.3390/su12208706ISI: 000583088400001Scopus ID: 2-s2.0-85093925329OAI: oai:DiVA.org:hb-24384DiVA, id: diva2:1508214
Forskningsfinansiär
Region Västra GötalandTilgjengelig fra: 2020-12-09 Laget: 2020-12-09 Sist oppdatert: 2022-02-10bibliografisk kontrollert

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