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The fragmentation of facts and infrastructural meaning-making: New demands on information literacy
(Informationspraktiker)
Lunds universitet.
2019 (English)In: Information research, ISSN 1368-1613, E-ISSN 1368-1613, Vol. 24, no 4Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

This paper presents a theory-driven discussion on the role of facts in society, couched between a brief historical overview and a discussion of the contemporary situation, exemplified in particular by openly available web-based fact services. Implications for the conceptualisation of information literacy – and in particular information literacy in relation to today’s dominant algorithmic information infrastructure – are considered throughout. Method. This is a conceptual paper where theoretical reasoning is accompanied by examples from a small empirical material. This material consists of the use and observation of three web-based fact services as well as expert interviews with three producers and one user of one of the services. In particular Hannah Arendt’s essay “Truth and politics” is drawn on to contextualise and understand the role of facts in society. Results. The web-based fact services investigated here facilitate and describe the creation of facts based on open data in a rather traditional way, i.e. by providing references and pointing to sources. However, the established facts are then inserted into today’s networked information landscape, which is an arena for competing knowledge claims working according to the market’s principles of popularity, and this leads to conflicting situations and poses new demands on information literacy. **Conclusions.**This paper suggests the need for a view of information literacy that accounts for infrastructural meaning-making at the same time as it enables the political dimensions of the way in which facts and factual information are created and valued in contemporary society to be taken seriously.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2019. Vol. 24, no 4
Keywords [en]
information literacy, facts, infrastructure
National Category
Information Studies
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:hb:diva-22592OAI: oai:DiVA.org:hb-22592DiVA, id: diva2:1386630
Conference
Proceedings of the Tenth International Conference on Conceptions of Library and Information Science, Ljubljana, Slovenia, June 16-19, 2019
Available from: 2020-01-18 Created: 2020-01-18 Last updated: 2020-03-04Bibliographically approved

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Haider, Jutta

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CiteExportLink to record
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Citation style
  • apa
  • ieee
  • modern-language-association-8th-edition
  • vancouver
  • harvard-cite-them-right
  • Other style
More styles
Language
  • de-DE
  • en-GB
  • en-US
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  • nn-NO
  • nn-NB
  • sv-SE
  • Other locale
More languages
Output format
  • html
  • text
  • asciidoc
  • rtf